Making concrete steps

In order to facilitate access from the back door to the courtyard rear or from the front door to the sidewalk, it is important to take steps. Cement is the best material for building steps, because they need minimal repairs. If the cement cracks, repair is very simple and will not cost much money.


  1. Determine where you want to build the steps. Once you’ve determined you have to start to dig the ground. You can leave the land if it is not released. Otherwise remove it all.
  2. Positioning the beams, the stringers are made up guides that are located in the place where it begins and ends each step. This eliminates the need to calculate the height and depth of the steps.
  3. Cut front panels to the steps. The panels are approximately 2 and 6 must be fixed to the stringers. Check how stable on the floor.
  4. Place gravel within the frame. This will help fill the center of the frame, which is where you do not need to use a lot of cement.
  5. Pour the concrete into the form (you can also use the shovel to add cement). Hits the frame with a hammer to vibrate the cement mixture in order to help eliminate the possibility of air bubbles or cracking, Smoothest the steps with a spatula and make sure the steps are level using a level. Then brush the steps with a broom to make the concrete surface is non-slip.

Tips & Warnings

  • Make sure the steps are non-slip to avoid accidents.

Cleaning dog urine from a carpet

As soon as you open your home to a dog, the possibility that the carpets have an occasional puddle of urine arises. While there are many commercial products that can be purchased at pet stores carpet, the stain will not wait for you to buy one. Having a recipe to solve your own dog urine crisis could save your carpet and day.

Cat litter

However improbable, the first ingredient for the elimination of urine is cat litter.  Scatter cat litter on the carpet to absorb moisture, then take it up and throw it in the trash.  If you have cat litter, use old towels. Dry urine as much as you can, stand on the towels to make sure you not only absorb urine from the carpet, but also the pads below. When the towels are not absorbing any more, it’s time for carpet cleaning solution.

White vinegar and powdered laundry detergent

Mix 1/2 cup of powdered detergent and 1/2 cup white vinegar. This formula comes from the University of Maine.  White vinegar neutralizes the uric acid in urine. Dog urine contains water, ammonia, uric acid and germs. After removal, there will still be traces of uric acid. This eventually crystallizes when combined with hydrogen and sulfur dust and gas is released. Using the solution to neutralize the uric acid and eliminate the possibility of it turning into gas. Pour enough solution on the area to absorb the urine completely from the carpet to the pads. White vinegar also has antiseptic to disinfect your carpet and floor.  Dry it with towels or with the use of cat litter.

Sodium bicarbonate

The final step in cleaning the urine stain on the carpet, according to the University of Maine, is using additional vinegar and sparkling water. Use a spray bottle to spray the area with sparkling mineral water and vinegar. Put dry towels down and cover with something heavy to absorb the maximum amount of residual moisture.

Follow up

You will not be sure you’ve solved the problem until the carpet is exposed to high humidity. Wait until a wet day to see if your carpet is kept fresh. If the smell of urine is significant, repeat the process.

Removing the black stains the floor of a shower

An area colored black in the floors of the shower usually indicates the growth of black mold. This mold develops and grows in dark, warm, moist places. The black area can continue to expand and grow if not cleaned immediately. Although the little black mold is attractive, it can also affect your health. Once you remove the black areas of the shower floor, prevents mold keeping it clean again.


  1. Let the hot water run in the shower for five to 10 minutes. The steam will help loosen dirt and debris.
  2. Pour hydrogen peroxide directly on the spots of mold or fungus. A solution of 3 percent hydrogen peroxide attacks the mold immediately. The black area cleans with a damp cloth to remove mold.
  3. Pour undiluted vinegar in a spray bottle if mildew stains remain. Spray the vinegar directly on it. Allow to air dry and then clean the surface of the shower with a damp cloth.
  4. Mix 1 cup of chlorine bleach to 1 gallon (4 liters) of warm water in a large bowl to kill mold if the stains are still present, Dip a stiff brush into the solution and rub the area, Let the solution sit for two or three minutes and then rinse with clean water and a cloth.
  5. Mix 3 tablespoons white vinegar, 1 teaspoon borax and 2 cups hot water in a spray bottle if mold persists. Shake the bottle to mix the ingredients and then sprayed the solution on the mold on the shower floor. Scrub with a brush, let the solution sit on the stain for 15 minutes and then rinse with clean water.

Tips & Warnings

  • When using the shower, turn on the fan or a window ajar to remove excess moisture in the air. Clean the shower area with a towel after each use to remove excess moisture.

Seven principles of interior design

A well-designed room features the seven principles of design of interiors to work together to create a spectacular and beautiful room that pleases the eye, and it is functional for those who live in it. Even for those who cannot afford the services of a professional interior designer. If the seven principles apply when it is decorated, the end result will be a beautiful room.

Unity and harmony

The ultimate goal in the design inside any space is that all components of the room to create a harmonious whole.


Equilibrium is achieved when the visual “weight” of the room is distributed throughout the room as evenly as possible. For example, the articles of colors bright hanging from the walls will be “heavier” than merge with the colored wall.

Focal point

Each room should have an element that attracts attention when someone comes naturally. This can be an architectural detail, a fireplace, a work of art or a distinctive piece, or even lights.


A room with good pace first draws the eye to the focal point, and then draws the eye to the other components of the room, creating a flow of visual movement.

Scale / Proportion

The room should be decorated with furniture and details that are of the right scale to the size and shape of the room, and in proportion with each other and with people using the room.

Color and details

Color can add pizzazz and create either a dark room or a bright and airy. Select the appropriate information, you can improve the look you’re trying to create, or it can be detrimental to it.

Standard measures of a bathtub

If you are planning the design or renovation of a space bath , you should start with the basics. Your goal is to plan the use of the floor of the bathroom to accommodate standard size of the tub and leave enough space for accessories sink and toilet.

Length and width

The width of the bath is a standard 30 inch (76 cm) wide. If the tub is located on a standard bath 60 inches by 108 inches (or 5 feet by 9 feet or 152 cm by 274 cm), the length of the bath is equal to the width of the bathroom, which is 60 inch (152 cm).


The tub may have a dimension of between 14 inches (35 cm) and 17 inches (43 cm) high. If you go to the bathroom design to facilitate the transfer of a person with physical disabilities, consider the creation of a shower with a ledge on which you can roll a wheelchair instead of a bath.

Check local building codes

It is important that you check local building codes before planning the bathroom. There will be a maximum allowable distance (i.e., the number of inches) between the pipes. You can probably plan the position of the tub at the other end of the bathroom in front of its door.

Space adjacent to the tub

Once you have planned how much space will be needed to install the bath accessory, or to build a tub, you should plan the space next to the tub to dry a person. For example, you could add a space of 30 inches (76 cm) by 60 inches (152 cm) for this purpose. If the bath is immediately next to the toilet, they should be spaced at least 16 inches (40 cm) from the centerline of the toilet. You can also create a platform 60 inches (152 cm) beside the tub for bathers to come and go easily.

The advantages of cooking with electric cookers

The first kitchens power appeared in the late nineteenth century and began to compete with the kitchens of gas in the 1920’s electric cookers offer consumers financial savings on their gas counterparts initially. Buyers also liked the speed at which electric stoves cook the food. However, he spent time for electric stoves were put forward. Modern electric cookers continue to compete with gas, offering a variety of benefits for home cooking.


Electric stoves offer energy efficiency, making them a greener option for your home.

Temperature in the kitchen

Some styles of electric stove, as an induction cooker, keep your cooler than a gas stove, while providing all the warmth you need to cook food quickly and efficiently. No open flames heating the surrounding air.


Electric stoves provide greater security. No open flame and there is a cooking surface cooler, reducing the risk of burning.


The element on an electric stove provides an accurate measurement of temperature is regulated knob. Most of the brands labeled knobs at specific temperatures. While on a gas stove you control the temperature levels with your eyes, an electric stove you know the temperature of the electrical resistance. This translates into less chance of a burned food and cooking temperatures consistent and reliable for the toughest recipes.

Quick cleaning

The surface of some electric stoves are designed to easily and quickly cleaned once the unit cools. An example is a glass-top unit.


Overall, electric stoves cost less than gas. Because plug and require little or no ventilation, electric stove also saves on remodeling costs.

The best colors for small kitchens

Before remodeling or simply a kitchen small, you should consider the elements that will change and what will remain the same. Different colors or patterns can make the space feel even smaller. Choose colors that open space and feel refreshed rather narrow. The cabinets in this type of kitchen should be simple and clear. Do not abandon the bright colors, you might provide the right depth to the space.

Vivid colors and colors that keep

Search clear crisp colors or white for the walls of your small kitchen. The right touch of yellow, blue or green can create the perfect background for your space. Other colors can enlarge the space. Green, violet and blue will make the walls look away, creating the illusion of a larger room.

Add depth with strong colors

Search two smooth, bold colors to add depth to the kitchen. These colors complement the small space if cabinets and kitchen appliances are white or a light shade. It incorporates the wall that connects the entrance to the kitchen to create a greater depth. For example, paint the blue outer space and the inner walls of the kitchen in red. The white cabinets and appliances create a visual separation, balancing avoid dark colors and the size of the space look smaller.

Natural tones

Use natural shades to create a color scheme that connects the kitchen to the living room. This technique will work for a kitchen that opens into the living room and help unite the two spaces. Some natural colors to match the tones of beige, creamy, earthy green and yellow color scheme brown. Is dissolves the lines of the room and layers of natural tones help create depth in both rooms.

The best ideas to improve your home

Making home improvement decisions

We have all wanted or want at some point to do some interventions and create home improvements. This process can be a bit overwhelming if we do not have a clear idea or we do not have decided what we want to do in our house, or we have.0 not organized a plan to carry out this task. Home improvements do not have to be daunting or complicated, small changes here and there can make a world of difference at home, giving new life to old spaces, giving a new face or simply creating a different environment that helps increase the sense of well.

How to start home improvement?

As we mentioned above, it can be with a simple and simple change, either adding some decoration like a painting or a vessel or any other object that has a personal or artistic value. Also painting a room wall or kitchen of a different color can drastically change the spatial and visual feel of a space.

These are simple examples of an aesthetic intervention, which can equally be taken to the point of constructing a totally new space or the demolition of some dividing wall; do not lose sight of the fact that home improvements are not limited to aesthetic changes, in many cases changes or renovations can occur in electrical installations improving the lighting system and controlling energy consumption more efficiently.

What points should we consider before starting with home improvements?

There are multiple points and perspectives to consider before beginning any intervention to improve our home, but the basic ones are to prioritize, organize and adjust to the budget. We must prioritize what area or space of the house requires the most urgent improvement or that cannot lead to a greater benefit, which would move us to the next point, organize, to be clear the ideas that we want to implement within the improvement project. Lastly, consider the budget available to carry out these activities, which, being careful in controlling expenditure, will give us greater satisfaction in relation to the cost-benefit that we obtain with the home improvements that we have implemented.

The best way to organize small bedroom furniture

When you have a small, narrow room, what you want is to have the fewest possible furniture. The way you organize the furniture will directly influence your perception of the space available inside the room. Sit down and draw the furniture arrangement on a sheet of paper before you start to move round.

Bed-desktop: combination and location

Whenever possible, it combines 2furniture in one. You can make such a combination bed-desk. It rides like a bunk bed, with the difference that “litter” below is a desk where you work. Place this bed-desk against the wall that is farthest from the door. Note that you cover the walls so that it is an empty space in the middle of the room, though it is only the size of a narrow corridor. If you do not want to have a combination bed-desk, desktop placed as close to a window on the same wall and headboard (or feet) of your bed.

Place the desk about 1 foot (30 cm) of the bed or on the other side of the window. Normally, the cabinets are placed to the left or right of a wall or corner. But if for some reason yours is in the center of the wall that is in front of the bedroom door, put the headboard (or feet) against the opposite wall, aligned to the left side of the room. Place your nightstand to the right of the bed (if there is enough space, otherwise maybe you should do without it) and put your desk in the wall where the door is.

Comfortable high

Instead of using a comfortable wide drawers, buy a high to take advantage of vertical space. Place it in front of the legs of the bed or headboard or bed-desk (depending on the end point to the wall). If you live in an area affected by earthquakes, put the dresser against the wall at the foot of the bed. If one of the cupboard doors is on the same wall as the bed, the dresser moves to the adjacent wall, away from the closet door.

Bedside table

If you have a bedside table, place attached to the headboard, Consider bypass it if you’re going to put on the desk right next to the bed, and a corner of it could also be used to set your alarm clock.

Table for the television

If there is a television in your room, put a table on the opposite of the bed wall. You should always place the focal point (where most of your attention will be directed) opposite the bed. Consider putting a bracket for attaching the device to the wall so we can have more space to move around your small room, once again, secure it in the wall that is opposite to your resting place.

The internal structure of a brick chimney

The mantel, the fireplace and logs of wood grilles are components of a fire that almost all the world can identify. However, if you own a brick fireplace, you also need to know the names of the internal parts. Familiarize yourself with the structure from the inside out, giving you a better understanding of the components and mechanical parts that keep your fireplace working properly.


As the foundation of a house is important, it is also the basis of a fireplace. A fireplace installed properly will have a -o base shoe as it is called in some areas-which are independent of the house.

Interior home

The area directly below the fire is called the “home interior” and serves as the floor of the combustion chamber which extends from within the firebox into the room. Hearth area is inside the room known as the “outside hearth”. The floor of the indoor fireplace is where the ashes are then deposited from burning logs and should be routinely sweep to remove them once they are no longer the hot ashes and embers were extinguished.

Stop walls

Abutment walls forming the perimeter of the fireplace and enclose the combustion chamber, from the bottom and up to the bottom of the chimney at the point where its structure begins. Chimneys and drives “zero space” (prefab fireplaces installed directly into walls butt) are installed to fit right into the walls to stop.

The firebox

The flanks of the fire that line the inside of this form the “firebox” which is where you build the fire with logs. Fireplaces and space units serve zero fireboxes in homes where they are installed. In the oldest houses with brick chimneys, the section of the abutment walls is visible from inside the room serves as the firebox area. It box if combustion is an insert or tope- walls should have the appropriate size and should be tilted so that the heat of the fire is issued in the room.

Smoke platform

The air from the outside can create a downdraft in the chimney. The work platform is smoke downdrafts redirect back to the tube comes out of the chimney. Smoke platform has a curved upper surface to redirect smoke and protrudes from the back of the stop walls, which are located behind the flap and the firebox.


The damper is a plate or a valve that regulates air currents when the duct is closed. It is manually operated and must be fully open before lighting a fire, which is usually done by rotating the damper. The gate opens to ensure that smoke up the chimney instead of into the room and directs heat to flow into the room from the combustion chamber.


The canal is the passageway of the fireplace. Function is to create a flow conduit for the smoke to rise up the chimney and exit to the outside. The current start and extend vertically from the combustion chamber to the top of the chimney. When chimneys are inspected, the ducts are monitored to ensure they are not leaking and are operating properly.


Next to the home, the fireplace is probably the most recognized part of the structure, but many people are not sure where to start. The vertical area starts just after the smoke chamber is when “officially” begins. The fireplace is made of masonry walls surrounding the duct, duct liner, flashing and other mechanisms that are essential to make a fireplace malfunction.