The internal structure of a brick chimney

The mantel, the fireplace and logs of wood grilles are components of a fire that almost all the world can identify. However, if you own a brick fireplace, you also need to know the names of the internal parts. Familiarize yourself with the structure from the inside out, giving you a better understanding of the components and mechanical parts that keep your fireplace working properly.

Base

As the foundation of a house is important, it is also the basis of a fireplace. A fireplace installed properly will have a -o base shoe as it is called in some areas-which are independent of the house.

Interior home

The area directly below the fire is called the “home interior” and serves as the floor of the combustion chamber which extends from within the firebox into the room. Hearth area is inside the room known as the “outside hearth”. The floor of the indoor fireplace is where the ashes are then deposited from burning logs and should be routinely sweep to remove them once they are no longer the hot ashes and embers were extinguished.

Stop walls

Abutment walls forming the perimeter of the fireplace and enclose the combustion chamber, from the bottom and up to the bottom of the chimney at the point where its structure begins. Chimneys and drives “zero space” (prefab fireplaces installed directly into walls butt) are installed to fit right into the walls to stop.

The firebox

The flanks of the fire that line the inside of this form the “firebox” which is where you build the fire with logs. Fireplaces and space units serve zero fireboxes in homes where they are installed. In the oldest houses with brick chimneys, the section of the abutment walls is visible from inside the room serves as the firebox area. It box if combustion is an insert or tope- walls should have the appropriate size and should be tilted so that the heat of the fire is issued in the room.

Smoke platform

The air from the outside can create a downdraft in the chimney. The work platform is smoke downdrafts redirect back to the tube comes out of the chimney. Smoke platform has a curved upper surface to redirect smoke and protrudes from the back of the stop walls, which are located behind the flap and the firebox.

Buffer

The damper is a plate or a valve that regulates air currents when the duct is closed. It is manually operated and must be fully open before lighting a fire, which is usually done by rotating the damper. The gate opens to ensure that smoke up the chimney instead of into the room and directs heat to flow into the room from the combustion chamber.

Flue

The canal is the passageway of the fireplace. Function is to create a flow conduit for the smoke to rise up the chimney and exit to the outside. The current start and extend vertically from the combustion chamber to the top of the chimney. When chimneys are inspected, the ducts are monitored to ensure they are not leaking and are operating properly.

Chimney

Next to the home, the fireplace is probably the most recognized part of the structure, but many people are not sure where to start. The vertical area starts just after the smoke chamber is when “officially” begins. The fireplace is made of masonry walls surrounding the duct, duct liner, flashing and other mechanisms that are essential to make a fireplace malfunction.

Tips for improving energy efficiency in your home

  1. Induction versus vitroceramics: At the efficiency level, the induction plates are much more efficient than those of ceramics. The latter have an efficiency of 55%, while the induction plates achieve an efficiency of 75%, and therefore, when heating a simple pot of water we will experience substantial savings in terms of energy consumption it means.
  2. Cover the entire cooker: The pots, pans or any other utensil that we are going to use to heat in the kitchen, should always be placed on the plate so that they cover completely the surface of the fire. One of the mistakes that we usually make in the kitchen is to place the saucepans in stoves whose heating zone is larger than the cooking utensil. We must keep in mind that the surface that we cannot cover is an unnecessary waste of energy transferred to the environment.
  3. Lids are essential to save energy: A simple lid can make you save each month on our bill. If we cover the food we cook, we can lower the power of the plate 2 or 3 numbers in the intensity scale, increasing the cooking speed. The lid, allows to maintain the heat and prevents that it is lost in the environment.
  4. The pot express increases our efficiency: We have to start out that the express pot is a very efficient appliance, it cooks much faster and therefore the saving in electricity is significant.
  5. Use of electrical terms: One of the best options for heating water is the electric terms, since its operation occurs at a very fast speed. They have a resistance that achieves an energy efficiency of up to 99%, since most of the energy is consumed directly to heat water.

Simply with these 5 little habits acquired in our day to day at the time of cooking, we can save and be much more efficient.

Tips for improving home ergonomics

Home is probably the place where you spend the most time in life, especially when the seasons of cold and rain arrive. Therefore, it is essential to adapt the furniture to the particular conditions of the family members to gain in health and quality of life.

What is ergonomics and how does it affect health?

When you choose a piece of furniture, you always think about its design, its comfort or its price, but not whether that piece will be suitable for rest or if it will generate health problems.

That’s what ergonomics is all about. This is a set of multidisciplinary knowledge that take into account the adequacy of products, systems and artificial environments for the needs, limitations and characteristics of its users, optimizing efficiency, safety and wellbeing .

In some homes there is a designation of armchairs and chairs for each member. These situations are not lacking in logic since the physiognomy of each individual makes the ideal design of each resting place is different. And is that, if the furniture of the house does not ensure the safety and well-being of its inhabitants, there may be consequences for health. Therefore, the following guidelines must be taken into account:

Ergonomics and materials

Firstly, the deformations and permanent coupling of sofas and mattresses to the person who uses them most heavily, or where the original condition is not restored after use, are due to poor choice of filling materials. At the other extreme, it is often intended to avoid this deformity by choosing hard materials, which prevents adaptation to the user’s body at the time of use, resulting in health damages.

One of the most advisable fillings for mattresses and sofas, although also more expensive, is the one of feathers or a combination of these with other materials, since they adapt perfectly to the person who uses it and has the capacity to recover its original state.

Ergonomics and sizes, heights and distances

The biggest problems, when searching for furniture, are when choosing sizes, heights and distances, since you can find a family unit in which its components have very different anthropometric characteristics.

Thus, if it is known that on the couch the kidneys should be protected by the backrest, that a person’s hip should not be lower than the knees and that the armrest should be at the elbow height, it is clear that no these characteristics can be fulfilled for all members. Therefore, ideally they should have adjustable structures or individualize.

Ergonomics in kitchen furniture

The same problem arises with kitchen furniture. Working standing, in front of a very low or very high worktop, forces you to assume incorrect postures that, in the long run, can seriously affect your health. For that reason, it is advisable that the height of the worktop is modified according to the inhabitants who use it the most.

So, if you are thinking about changing the furniture, do not forget such important aspects as those that condition your ergonomics. The health and rest of the inhabitants of the home depend on it.

Tips for improving safety at home and work

Our home and work are the places where we spend the most time, so it is very important to take care of them and be vigilant that we have all the security elements to protect them.

Tips for the home

Now we are going to show you a couple of tips and the application of certain equipment to improve the safety of our home, both internal and external:

Electric generator

A home without electricity is a very vulnerable home. The best we can do is to buy an electric generator to keep the electricity inside the home, in case there is a power outage, at least we can have electricity in certain equipment or depending on the size of the generator in the whole house, to have the electricity supply especially in areas where we have extreme cold and the heating works with electricity. Also if we have small children or other needs that make us rely heavily on electricity to live comfortably.

Fire extinguishers

Within a home there are many possibilities of an emergency by fire, it is best to have at least one extinguisher inside the home and place it in the most strategic place where anyone can reach it, you never know when a fire may exist.

Security fences

One of the great alternatives as perimeter security system are the security fences, always adapting to the interior and exterior of a home, in our section of security fences you can find even extensible fences to reach up to 4 meters in length.

Tips for the workplace

In our place of work, be it office, factory, warehouse, workshop or any type of company also it is necessary to have all means of security:

EPIS

Known as “Individual Protection Equipment” are suitable implements for the protection of an individual at the moment of performing a determined activity, among these implements we have glasses, detectors, masks, and among others … You will find all the variety in our special section for implements EPIS.

Detectors

Motion, gas and material detectors, in addition to being able to monitor it from a distance, as long as the appropriate equipment has access to a remote controller.

Signs

When building a building or any construction within public areas we must prevent people from coming in to “sniff around” a little about the work, the warning signs are very good for these cases, and we can also warn our workers against areas fire or gases.

Locker room

All employees need the appropriate clothing to identify them and not to enter a specific area without the necessary equipment, many of these implements are heated, including safety boots and everything that a work wear needs, is a basis for safety within a company.

Mirrors

The spherical mirrors help to visualize in a 180º angle of the whole store, as long as it is located in a corner being the most strategic place.

On the other hand, these tips are for both the home and the company, not only for those business owners but for anyone who has to take care of the goods and services within your company.

Tips for improving your home

Making home improvements is a permanent task for most homeowners, and most of them are looking for home improvement tips. Although there are a lot of things you could do, you really should think things out before you start a project.

A vision

The first thing you need is a vision about the overall look of your home. In many cases people make room improvements per room and in the end have a mosaic of different styles. That is why it is important to have a unified vision.

Used and recycled materials

If you are looking for ideas for home improvement to make sure you know you can find recycled and used materials at low prices and usually have more character than new materials. Although these offer great opportunities, keep in mind that you may have to visit numerous stores before you find something you like.

One project at a time

When it comes to home improvement tips you should know that making home improvements can be a long and overwhelming project. That is why it is best to go step by step. If you are working in one place at a time, your home will not feel chaotic.

Home improvement by tv

In case you are looking for ideas for home improvement you should not believe everything you see on TV. Sample of this kind make things seem simple and cheap. Just look for new ideas about these programs, but do not forget that it is only the television.

Lessons

In case you want to use your own hands with regard to tips on home improvement, think about taking some classes. Typically, there are specific project classes and clinics. Just check the calendar of the projects you are planning on doing in your home.

Make things right

Although people are tempted to use cheap materials and workmanship, when thinking about home improvement ideas you should wait until you have the money for high quality products so that you do not have to redo the same projects in the future.

The best thing you can do with regards to home improvement tips is to get your ideas down on paper and to come up with a timeline regarding these projects. It is usually easier to follow a schedule if you have it in writing.

Standard measures of a bathtub

If you are planning the design or renovating of a bath space, you should start with the basics. Your goal is to plan the use of the floor of the bathroom to accommodate standard size of the tub and leave enough space for accessories sink and toilet.

Length and width

The width of the bathtub is a standard 30 inch (76 cm) wide. If the tub is located on a standard bath 60 inches by 108 inches (or 5 feet by 9 feet or 152 cm by 274 cm), the length of the bath is equal to the width of the bathroom, which is 60 inch (152 cm).

Height

The tub may have a dimension of between 14 inches (35 cm) and 17 inches (43 cm) high. If you go to the bathroom design to facilitate the transfer of a person with physical disabilities, consider the creation of a shower with a ledge on which you can roll a wheelchair instead of a bath.

Check local building codes

It is important that you check local building codes before planning the bathroom. There will be a maximum allowable distance (i.e., the number of inches) between the pipes, as pointing Leon A. Brochette author of “Remodeling a bathroom”. You can probably plan the position of the tub at the other end of the bathroom in front of its door.

Space adjacent to the tub

Once you have planned how much space will be needed to install the bath accessory, or to build a tub, you should plan the space next to the tub to dry a person. For example, you could add a space of 30 inches (76 cm) by 60 inches (152 cm) for this purpose. If the bath is immediately next to the toilet, they should be spaced at least 16 inches (40 cm) from the centerline of the toilet. You can also create a platform of 60 inches (152 cm) beside the tub for bathers to come and go easily.

Types of woodworking tools

The types of tools used in carpentry can be classified by the specific work for the group of tools is used. In woodworking, tools are used to cut, measure, secure in place temporarily, permanently adjust and carving. Many tools are offered as tools in two hands and power tools.

Measurement

The first step in any woodworking project is to measure the pieces of wood that can be cut; several tools can be used to measure the wood. A measuring tape and framing square are the two most common tools for measuring wood; the squad is used to measure and finally to cut even at angles of 90 degrees. Chalk lines and square carpenter pencils are also used to measure the wood to cut.

Cut

Cut the wood pieces according to measures is the next step on a woodworking project. Several hand saws and power saws are made ​​to cut wood. There are saws made ​​to cut circles in the center of wood pieces to cut corners on the edges of the slabs of wood and wavy edges.

Ensure

Many woodworking tools are used to secure pieces of wood in place temporarily to make wood easier for permanently adjust. Wood adhesives, clamps, clips and screws bank are examples of tools to secure. The special wooden tape can also ensure wood pieces temporarily until they can be permanently adjusted.

Fixation

Hammers, nails, screws, screwdriver, clamps, staple guns, hammers and tacks are examples of woodworking tools to secure wooden parts together permanently. There are fastening tools both handheld and on power. Fastening tools not only permanently attaches pieces of wood, but also set other objects as handles and hinges to a piece of wood.

Carving

Carving tools shape the pieces of wood, either to draw designs on the surface of a piece of wood or to shape and smooth wood. Sandpaper, files, chisels and drills electronic sanding are examples of some of the tools used in carpentry carving. Carving tools are any tools that alter the surface of the uncut wood.

Woodworking tools for multi-purpose

Drills are an example of a multi-purpose tool used in carpentry. The bores can be set with different bits that make useful hole in different applications. The drill holes can be cut by pieces of wood, screws and remove or secure carved on the surface of a piece of wood.

Warnings

Many woodworking tools, including those used for cutting, should be used with care to avoid injury.

How a concrete floor sanding

Concrete floors are durable, low- maintenance and easy to care for and can shine as if they were an expensive stone Natural polished. A computer professional is required to achieve a good lasting finish on a concrete floor and hiring along accelerate the process considerably. Only the adventurous should try this project on their own, for larger or several rooms spaces, allow several days of working time to fulfill all the tasks necessary to achieve a successful outcome.

Instructions

  1. Make a pass over the concrete floor with a disc grinder equipped with diamond wire mesh to remove the rough imperfections, smoothing the exposed aggregate and remove pits. It aspires or sweeps the dust and debris. Repeat this process until the rough concrete floor is smooth as you like, which can take up to five passes.
  2. Switches to a finer grit resin and diamond polishing disk of at least 300 grains to further refine the surface of concrete floor finish removing stains, even take the pores on the surface and smooth the edges of any aggregate built.
  3. Advance to a record fine polishing of at least 800 grains to refine the smoothness and brightness to sit on the concrete floor.
  4. Concrete floor polishes to a high gloss graduating disc very fine grain 1,500 or higher.
  5. Apply a polishing compound for concrete floors and polished with sander equipped with a disco floor polish, clean and soft. This last step raises any concrete residue left by previous processes and fills the microscopic pores, allowing the concrete floor more easily repels dirt and dust.
  6. It’s a good idea to consider concrete waterproofing to protect your newly finished floor. The waterproofing of concrete will prevent any spills into the soil and damage the surface.

Home decoration for a party forgotten

Ghosts and vampires are prowling in October, and the bright lights are scattered in December preparing for Christmas, the feast of Thanksgiving, between the night of fear and evening silence, often is forgotten when comes to home decor. Beyond the party awaited by the family, decorations this can bring a touch to your home that will make your guests in the spirit of gratitude for this holiday forgotten.

Enlighten your design

Outdoor fire pits features and specialized fire flames twinkling with create natural gathering point for the family’s post-meal get-together, ACCORDING TO landscaping designers Classy Aoyagi and Cara Barnard of Formula Landscaping. “Fire features add light, warmth and create an almost instinctive pulls to gather and share,” Aoyagi said. “There are many new products environmentally friendly that burn gels, which are great for bringing indoors concept.”

Successful decorating for Thanksgiving means concentrating on several key areas rather than spreading Decor Throughout The Entire home, Said Jennifer Owens of Le Potage Décor. Owens recommends choosing areas with big impact, such as an entry table, dining room sideboard, table cloth, kitchen island or chinese cabinet, to stage your décor.

“Begin by grouping like items to give them more visual impact,” said Owens. “Place your dimensional items like picture frames or framed mirrors, and then add some sparkle with candles and family silver. Use books to give height to varying items, and of course, add fall leaves, branches, acorns, pumpkins and gourds as filler. ”

Ponte colorful

It’s easy to swap out your colored accessories for fall summer’s rich hues. Those bring in Halloween pumpkins and place them next to the fireplace, draping them with flowers and boughs of leaves Thanksgiving’s to bring out the natural colors.

“Orange and chocolate as well as chocolate and lime are really fresh, modern that color combinations are perfect for Thanksgiving without being too trendy,” Hobbs said. “I have used thick chocolate [brown] ribbon to accent napkins used for personal as well as place settings for chocolate fabric table runners.”

Pots of fall mums and urns with ornamental grasses and evergreens also produce a festive welcome while adding colorful autumn foliage to both indoor and outdoor décor.

Accents holidays

Incorporating fall foods can spruce up your home for the festive holiday, too. With creative Hobbs fall suggests getting nuts. “I love to fill large glass apothecary jars with colorful lids With acorns or walnuts And Then add candles and use them as centerpieces,” she said.

Thanksgiving bouquets of fragrant herbs, such as thyme, rosemary and sage, fresh cut from the garden, will add a visually interesting centerpiece and light, fall fragrance to your home. Festive also vegetables can double as a centerpiece. “Try carving out peppers, cabbages and artichokes or turning them into candleholders,”.

Nina Patronize, head interior designer at Plush Home in California, recommends also decorating with fresh fruit and vegetables for the holiday season. “Fill your favorite bowls and baskets network with apples, nectarines, colorful bell peppers and even a presentation of fresh artichokes to bring colored and festivity to your dinner,” she said. “Couple with your arrangements votive, fabric napkins, glasses spotless, nice music and an organized table setting to create a special mood of graciousness, abundance and prosperity.”

Family time

Thanksgiving is, after all, a time for families to celebrate together. Why not make decorating for the fall feast to bonding experience? Decorating for Thanksgiving is a family affair in Owens’ household.

“Hours before our meal, I place produces, botanicals and miscellaneous stage candles on a folding table in the dining room so every guest joins in to create the table centerpieces,” she said. “People get very creative, making candleholders stacked artichoke, bouquets of brussels sprout stalks, and vases filled with crab apples and cranberries.” The bonding project allows the Entire Family to see the fruits of their work, and it yields a unique table setting, said Owens.

Also Owens different places inspirational quotes at each place setting. “This has been a very successful way to create a holiday table that encourages diners to linger and to enjoy more than just the food,” she said. “After all, Thanksgiving is about being thankful for the people in your life.”

History of woodworking tools

Although humans have little advantage natural in comparison with other animals, we improvise our intellect to create tools to build technology and civilization through the millennium. The tools we use have been built in various materials available. From decks to hammers, chisels to brush carpenter, carpentry tools have undergone changes throughout history.

Ancient tools

Until the man discovered the metalworking, tools are mainly made ​​of wood and stone. The old carpenters used wooden stakes with leaves carved bone or stone to hold together structures and objects. You can see an example of this in a fifteenth-century painting showing the construction of Noah’s Ark, carpenters used wooden mallets to fit the pegs into the holes. To make the holes, it drills a primitive form, which was the precursor of the drill was created.

After working with metal

After the arrival of metalworking, could produce better quality tools, such as brush and chisel carpenter. These are used to soften the edges or to work on a flat surface. The brush is simply mounted to a flat block of wood the size of the user’s hand chisel. The first brushes have been traced to ancient Rome. Also they could make axes. Before the stone was the main material of the blade of an ax, but then the ax could do to keep a sharp and durable blade.

Other metal tools

Besides brushes, axes and chisels, saws were developed. Saws could be used to work with wood already cut or cut trees and gather fresh wood. At first the mountains were not efficient because they only cut in one direction; the blade tends to sag if pushed in the other direction. In the fifteenth century, the metalwork had advanced to the point of creating saw blades with strong iron and steel could cut both ways.

Misconceptions

One of the most common misconceptions about the tools is that the nails were not invented until relatively modern times. Early Roman fortresses had a workshop called factory where blacksmiths made metal elements they needed. In a strong, had 7 tons of nails were found in archaeological expeditions? Particularly the British made nails of different lengths, material and thickness. At that time, there were also the screws as miniature drills that could be tightened or loosened as needed Carpenter.

Beyond the fifteenth century

Since the fifteenth century, woodworking hand tools have not changed much in form and function. Hammers, nails, brushes and screws still exist, and are used in the same way as in past centuries. Of course, in modern times, power tools were invented to save time and effort to the work of the carpenter, if you know them. For small jobs, hand tools still used by its simplicity and accessibility.