Hand tools for woodworking

Woodworking tools of any kind have the same basic purpose: to remove wood. This includes removing a lot to give you an outline form to the piece, or removed to a fine finish. These tools are used to build structures, building furniture or anything that requires removing or shaping wood. Woodworking tools were among the first inventions of man. The design and shape of these tools has remained unchanged for generations. An ancestor 150 years ago would recognize modern versions of woodworking tools.


The saws are thin and flexible pieces of iron teeth and a handle. They can be large enough to cut a tree, or as small as for finishing work. The most common are the cross and rip saws. A crosscut saw cuts perpendicular to the grain of the wood, while a rip saw cuts parallel to the grain. These carpentry tools come in a variety of shapes and configurations of teeth, depending on the purpose. Some have big teeth to remove wood quickly while others have small teeth for fine cuts that let the wood smooth.


Drills and drill pierce the wood. A rotary drill bit removes pieces of wood. There are two common configurations drill. A truss is a U-shaped device A chuck is secured to a drill bit at one end. With one hand on the other side of the “U” and the second hand spinning in the bottom of the “U”, the drill rotates to remove the wood. The other configuration is common chuck supporting a rotary drill and the handle in a straight line. A rotating toothed wheel rotates the drill to remove the wood and form a hole.

Chisels and planes

A chisel or flat removes a small amount of wood. A chisel is a piece of metal with a sharp end and a handle. The metal comes in different widths for different size applications. The planes have a flat base with a sharp metal plate at an angle to the base. These tools remove timber along as they are pushed. Different plans are made for different purposes.


Other popular woodworking tools include hammers and screwdrivers, to insert nails and wood screws to hold wood pieces and press, holding wood pieces together while the glue dries, or while holding the parties otherwise, The tools that remove small amounts of wood include spatulas and scrapers. Several squads’ help carpenters keep their pieces lined to cut and assemble.

Good ideas for remodeling the doors of the kitchen cabinets

Outdated furniture can cause a kitchen entire look old, even if you’ve updated everything else recently. If the cabinets are in good condition and have no reason to replace them, restore them is a cost effective way to update your kitchen without completely remodeling. In some cases, only replacing the hanging hardware and can make a big difference in the look of your kitchen cabinets.


The coated cabinets will change its shape, texture and color, in one step, to do remove the doors and drawers and scrape out the hardware. Wrap a piece of plywood on the surface of the drawer and door to give it a new look. The plate comes in a variety of colors, styles and rolling, so chooses one that meets your needs.


Repainting requires more time and materials, but is cheaper than coated or replacing the doors and drawers. This process requires you to remove the doors and drawers of cabinets; you take away the color and paint with a new twist. Consider adding a modern to paint cabinet doors and drawers of different colored frames touch. Another option is to use a faux finish, as old or cuts, to add a decorative touch.

Molding and borders

Sometimes the color of a cabinet is very good, but still need additional help. Consider using decorative moldings for cabinet doors accentuate edges or by creating decorative patterns. You can also try to create a frame within frame cabinet doors. Make a frame around the edge using a decorative molding, then make an additional frame a few centimeters inwards from the first.

Ideas diverted

Cabinet doors can do more than hide ugly piles of dishes or Tupperware. With some minor changes may become part of the highly functional kitchen. Consider lining the front of one or two cabinet doors with corkboard or slate instead of paint or wood. This will give you a space to write notes to family members, post photos and write down reminders and even a shopping list.

How to arrange the furniture in the living room

The living room is a gathering place for family and friends. The room has to accommodate several pieces of furniture and can be used for various purposes, such as watching television, entertaining guests and play. Factors such as the patterns of traffic and the size of the room also play an important role in determining an accommodation of both practical and aesthetically appealing furniture. Take time to plan your accommodation before moving furniture in order to reduce the amount of lifting heavy items required to place the pieces in your room.


  1. Measure the length and width of the room. Record these numbers and make a scale drawing of the room, marking the locations of the windows and entrances. Recorded in the sketch the length and width of the space.
  2. Measure the length and width of the sofa, chairs, tables and other furniture such as shelves, to be placed in the room.
  3. Evaluates the architecture of the room. Determines the focal point of space; this can be a great window with a view, a fireplace or built cabinet that houses the TV. If no significant focal points in your drawing scores what is the longest wall with a window or an entry.
  4. Arrange the cuts, placing the sofa and chairs to watch the focal point of the room, and position also to form a “U”. If there is no focal point, position the sofa in the longest wall. Place the chairs on either side, for how U. The chairs should be faced.
  5. Place a coffee table in front of the sofa and tables on either side of this. This is the conversation area and the anchor for the room.
  6. Place cutouts conversation area slightly forward, leaving a gap of two feet between the wall and the couch. Determines if this disrupts any possible pattern of traffic is directed to the room from the entrance. If so, they put things back as they were. If not, leave them where they are.
  7. Work outward from your conversation area. If television is the main attraction in the room, opposite the sofa positional. Put the chairs on either side angle, so look at television. This allows you to rotate towards you if you have company, or in case you gather for a family conversation.
  8. Create small areas in the room. Using your clippings accommodates the remaining furniture to make room for a game table and chairs, a shelf and a reading chair, or other personalized spaces. Begins with space between the conversation area and the focal point, and places these areas near the walls. Note traffic patterns; do not place furniture in front of the entrances or hallways that are blocking the conversation area.
  9. Use your drawing to scale with the cuts and physically accommodate your furnishings following the plan. Add your accessories like personal pictures, vases and beads. He lives with that accommodation for a few days and makes the necessary adjustments to your personal needs.


Tips & Warnings

  • Light up your conversation area with table lamps and floor for each zone.

How repainting shower tiles

The tiles in the shower are usually made ​​of resistant ceramic with properties against water and are easy to clean. You can decorate the tiles as paint is always an option. To repaint need some basic materials, but the results can help to renew the bathroom to your liking. Avoid using paints based oil because high concentrations of moisture in the shower can erode the paint over time. Instead use epoxy paint.


  1. Mix a solution of equal parts white vinegar and warm water in a spray bottle. Clean the tiles with the solution and then clean them with a damp sponge to remove any dirt or mildew. White vinegar is an effective natural cleanser and disinfectant for tiles. Dry with a towel.
  2. Sand the tiles with sandpaper grit 100. Moist paper with acetone before applying them. This will help remove the previous printer while preparing the surface so the paint will adhere better. Rinse tiles to remove dust and any remaining acetone before continuing. Use rubber gloves while working with acetone to prevent skin exposure to the product.
  3. Place masking tape between the tiles to protect grout lines and prevent paint there. Use thin so that most of the tiles left uncovered strips
  4. Use a brush to apply primer on the tiles, which will help the paint to adhere to the tile and last longer. Wait until the product is completely dry before proceeding.
  5. Brush rinse thoroughly with water to completely remove the primer.
  6. Apply epoxy paint on the tiles with a brush. Avoid using oil as the amount of moisture in the shower will remove them quickly. The epoxy paint provides a durable finish that lasts longer. Once the first coat is completely dry, apply a second coat for best results.
  7. Remove the masking tape once the epoxy paint has dried completely. Wait an additional 24 hours before using the shower to make sure the paint is properly adhered to the tile.

How to remodel old kitchen inexpensively

Updating an old kitchen can enhance the final value of a home. Whether you live in or plan to sell the house, keep in mind that cooking affect the environment much the same. Make plans for remodeling an old kitchen to give the space a unique design. Take ideas from books or magazines of decoration, but imagine invests in special ways to redo the kitchen creating a unique space in its kind. Be sure to keep the floors or old cabinets with special characters or artistic designs. Also add objects such as framed pictures, to decorate the space.


  1. Plan improvements organized around the space of the old kitchen. Leave cabinets, sink and appliances in their current positions, unless something needs to be changed to a lower cost of remodeling; for example, you can retouch an old kitchen with white metallic spray paint especially recommended for appliances, rather than change, to save money.
  2. Identify necessary repairs as a weak or defective electrical wiring underground. Hire a plumber and an electrician to inspect the entire house, including the kitchen; failing to detect a leak or an electrical problem can lead to problems over time and more costs. Making repairs is the top priority for the rest of the reform involves only beautify the space.
  3. Create a palette of colors to match your taste, used furniture in the room and the rest of the house. Use neutral colors for a high quality finish; if done incorrectly, colorful painting can be vulgar. For example, you can combine walls of pale golden color with white trim or light taupe walls with dark gray trim. Although painting is the least expensive decorating tool, choosing the right colors enhances the final appearance.
  4. Give new life to old cabinets. Buy new doors, which are relatively inexpensive to put on freshly painted cabinets. Another option is to install new oak doors in oak cabinets remodeled. Buy one or two separate closets where you can store food or pots and sources if you need more storage space.
  5. Install new appliances and devices if necessary. For example, you can invest in a new refrigerator or update an old sink with new faucets. Hire someone to repair or renew the old enamel sink if you only need some cheap touches. Use metallic spray paint to renovate the kitchen vents that are old or rusty. Oxide sandpaper before applying the paint, or use phosphoric acid to remove it instantly; paint an old stove or refrigerator that work well but have an antiquated finish.
  6. Install a new vinyl floor. Use all white floors if the room is small, to reflect the maximum amount of light. Buy linoleum, which is the most economical of all floors, to give life to the ground like a very small investment until you can deal more expensive.

Different types of window treatments

The curtains are the type of treatment for most popular windows for many reasons. Frame a window with fabric provides attractive aesthetic and functional. Curtains can soften rigid lines, add color, and texture, colorful landscapes little block, give privacy and gently filter sunlight. There are many types to choose curtains for your windows, from traditional favorites to contemporary.

Curtains barrel

Barrel curtains create an aesthetic gathered clasping curtain fabric in barrels above the window. This treatment may have a header (fold) over the rod, or having no header. Barrel curtains can have holes of 1 inch (2.54 cm) to 1/2 inch holes 4 (11.43 cm). They are one of the most popular types of curtains. These curtains can be purchased from any vendor of home decor or can be tailored to any type of fabric available.

Curtains with stitched pleats

Curtains or curtains with decorative folds sewn pleats have on top. They are a traditional type of treatment for curtains. The header is created with a series of folds that are passed through barrels. They can be hung by hooks or rings of said Barrel. They can be worn under skirts or on shutters for a complete treatment. An alternative for stitching fold is the fold box. Headers box pleat curtain folding upon itself in the total length of the curtain.

Curtains clips

The curtains with loops at the top enhance the beauty of decorative barrels, since much of barrels seen through this arrangement header window. Loops or circles fabrics are sewn to the top of a flat panel and give a very contemporary image. The clips can be made both of a fabric that matches or contrasting fabrics. These curtains come in wrinkled or plain versions. Fabrics made of any kind of weight are suitable for this type of curtains.

Cafe curtains

The cafe curtains are short panels covering half the length of the window. These curtains are hung from barrels suspension or coffee from the middle of the window, leaving the top of the window naked. The cafe curtains are popular for their simple, casual and clean style in bathrooms and kitchens. The cafe curtains can be combined with one side (window topper) for a cohesive look.

How much does an interior decorator

There is no easy way to estimate how much it costs to hire an interior decorator, because costs go beyond just paying for the services. For example a decorator need to make your project will be added to your bill. Decorator’s fees also vary widely, and depend partly on the experience and location. The best ways to predetermine the fees of a decorator is to request an estimate for your project, but some costs are standard through the industry.

Decorators vs. designers

Determine if you need an interior designer or a decorator before hiring someone. Interior decorators working strictly with the decor so will select the paper, the colors of paint, furniture arrangements and perform other tasks that are related. Interior designers have to be licensed to work in your state because they are more involved with architectural design and construction of buildings, which requires them to have knowledge of building codes. Services decorators and designers are qualified to provide usually affects the cost of them. For example, a project that involves adding a specialty wall requires a designer who also hires people to plan and build the wall. Additional support will increase the cost of the project.


Interior decorators and designers charge for their services in a similar way. Some charge a flat rate, but also earn commissions based on a percentage of the cost of furniture and other decorative items that sell to customers to complete a project. A magazine article “Smart Money” entitled “10 things that interior designers are not going to say” notes that customers are not charged fixed rates can be paid hourly rates ranging from US $ 75 to US $ 250 Costhelper.com estimated rates of interior decorators ranging from US $ 35 to US $ 500 per hour. Hourly rates can become expensive if you have a big project, and also may be charged for work related to your project carried out by the assistant decorator or designer.

Decorator pricing

Decorators usually receive discounts on furniture and other items when buy for client projects. However, it is likely to receive a bill that only displays the total project cost. Tell a decorator in advance you want to know how much it will charge for the furniture and other items before purchasing. The article “Smart Money”, says the cost of such things can be fixed up to 40% discount despite decorator.


You can get free and low cost services through furniture stores and remodeling. Big Franchises typically include services and decoration design furniture purchases and projects kitchen remodeling. For example, Home Depot offers kitchen design and installation services for people buying kitchen furniture shop. Ethan Allen offers free indoor design for people buying furniture store. Buyers can even start a design consultation online through the website of Ethan Allen.

Home decoration for a party forgotten

M hale ghosts and vampires are prowling in October, and the bright lights are scattered in December preparing for Christmas, the feast of Thanksgiving, between the night of fear and evening silence, often is forgotten when comes to home decor. Beyond the party awaited by the family, decorations can bring a touch to your home that will make your guests in the spirit of gratitude for this holiday forgotten.

Enlighten Your Design

Just the right lighting can add a perfect blend of warmth to your home’s décor for Thanksgiving. Gina Amaretto of the Amaretto Design Group Recommends putting the spotlight on outdoor stacks of hay or pots of fall foliage landscape with portable spotlights, designed to give dramatic emphasis to your displays.

“Also you can swap out high wattage bulbs with warm golden lamp bulbs to give your interiors a warm, welcoming effect,” Amaretto Said. LED rope lighting in trees, on the porch or elegantly draped over bushes and shrubs will naturally fall colors highlight just in time for the festive feast.

Outdoor fire pits features and specialized fire flames twinkling create natural gathering point for the family’s post-meal get-together, ACCORDING TO landscaping designers Classy Aoyagi and Cara Barnard of Formula Landscaping. “Fire features add light, warmth and create an almost instinctive pulls to gather and share,” Aoyagi Said. “There are many new products environmentally friendly that burn gels, which are great for bringing indoors seta concept.”

Successful decorating for Thanksgiving Means concentrating on several key areas rather than spreading Decor Throughout The Entire home, Said Jennifer Owens of Le Potage Décor. Owens Recommends choosing areas with big impact, Such as an entry table, dining room sideboard, table cloth, Kitchen Island or Chinese cabinet, to stage your décor.

“Begin by grouping like items to give them more visual impact,” Said Owens. “Place your dimensional items like picture frames or framed mirrors, And Then add some sparkle with candles and family silver. Use books to give height to varying items, and of course, add fall leaves, branches, acorns, pumpkins and gourds as filler. ”

A large glass or wooden bowl can become a stunning focal point When Filled With pine cones, Said Gina Amaretto of the Amaretto Design Group. “Make home design a family affair,” She Said. “Round up the kids and go for a walk to collect the fallen gems.”

Ponte colorful


It’s easy to swap out your colored accessories for fall summer’s rich hues, ACCORDING TO Amaretto. Those bring in Halloween pumpkins and place them next to the fireplace, draping them with flowers and boughs of leaves Thanksgiving’s to bring out the natural colors.

“Deep honey, gold, burgundy and hunter green all make great colors for throw pillows, candles and the little extras THROUGHOUT the house,” Amaretto Said. “Simmer apple slices, cinnamon and cloves on the stove to welcome the season with scent.”

Cathy Hobbs, creator of Design Recipes inner resource design guides, Suggests using deep chocolate browns mixed With accents of lime green or burnt orange. “Orange and chocolate as well as chocolate and lime are really fresh, modern That Color combinations are perfect for Thanksgiving without Being too trendy,” Hobbs Said. “I have used thick chocolate [brown] ribbon to accent napkins used for personal as well as place settings for chocolate fabric table runners.”

Pots of fall mums and urns with ornamental grasses and evergreens also produce a festive welcome while adding colorful autumn foliage to both indoor and outdoor décor.

Accents holidays

Incorporating fall foods can spruce up your home for the festive holiday, too. With creative Hobbs fall Suggests getting nuts. “I love to fill large glass apothecary jars with colorful lids With acorns or walnuts And Then add candles and use them as centerpieces,” She Said.

Thanksgiving bouquets of fragrant herbs, Such as thyme, rosemary and sage, fresh cut from the garden, will add a visually interesting centerpiece and light, fall fragrance to your home. Festive Also vegetables can double as a centerpiece. “Try carving out peppers, cabbages and artichokes or turning them into candleholders,” Hobbs Said.

Nina Patronize, head interior designer at Plush Home in California, Recommends Also decorating with fresh fruit and vegetables for the holiday season. “Fill your favorite bowls and baskets network with apples, nectarines, colorful bell peppers and even a presentation of fresh artichokes to bring colored and festivity to your dinner,” She Said. “Couple With your arrangements votive, fabric napkins, glasses spotless, nice music and an organized table setting to create a special mood of graciousness, abundance and prosperity.”

Family time

Thanksgiving is, after all, a time for families to celebrate together. Why not make decorating for the fall feast to bonding experience? Decorating for Thanksgiving is a family affair in Owens’ household.

“Hours before our meal, I place produces, botanicals and miscellaneous stage candles on a folding table in the dining room so every guest joins in to create the table centerpieces,” She Said. “People get very creative, making candleholders stacked artichoke, bouquets of Brussels sprout stalks, and vases filled with crab apples and cranberries.” The bonding project allows the Entire Family to see the fruits of their work, and it yields a unique table setting, Said Owens.

Also Owens different places inspirational quotes at each place setting. “This Has Been a very successful way to create a holiday table that encourages diners to linger and to enjoy more than just the food,” She Said. “After all, Thanksgiving is About Being thankful for the people in your life.”

Guide under a hipped roof

A hipped roof is defined as a roof with four sides and four beams of water. While the gabled roof consists of two flat roof shaped configuration with a wall tent both ends under a hipped roof has a flat forward in all the four planes around and ceiling that join in one point or on a ridge at the top. The main difference in the context of a hipped roof and gabled roof is that the former has four beams of water.


Under a hipped roof it begins with the construction of four water beams and a main beam. If the roof is at the top of the construction of a square, there should be a main beam and all sides will join at a point of the top. On top of a box will be a main beam that is parallel to the two larger sides. The shape and size of the desired roof sections are needed to work on paper before beginning construction or framers may find unexpected half construction surprises.


The slope of the roof determines the size of the beams and the roof finished appearance. The roof pitch refers to the phases of the ceiling, expressed in terms of construction as a number of inches vertical (vertical meters) falling from the roofs on a fan of 12 inches (30 cm) horizontally. A roof down 6 inches (15 cm) to 12 inches (30 cm) horizontal refers to having a beam of 6/12. When designing a roof hipped, you will make the construction process much simpler if you assign the same beam on the four sides of the roof. While it is possible to vary them, framed very complex situations are created.


Designing a hipped roof provides advantages when it is windy. Because they are not exposed gable ends a hipped roof is waterproof with dangerous winds as they tend to flow over the roof rather than spend it. When framing the hipped roof, you can further increase its resistance to high winds incorporating the arms of the beams and collar. The arms of the beams secure the beams in the lower hipped roof joists. The collars are metal strips that are covered around the bases of the joists and are secured to the ends of the beams.


The frame design for a hipped roof involves some simple geometry that allows you to determine distances of wood you’ll need. You can get a preview of your design hipped roof drawing a top view but you need to take the roof pitch into account when determining the amount of beams that you’ll need. A beam hipped going on a slope of 6/12 on the fan 10 feet (3 meters) greater than 10 feet (3 meters) due to the altitude reached. Knowing all these steps before you start construction, it minimizes waste and more efficient use of your power.