Old woodworking hand tools

The art of carpentry has been taught and passed down for generations. The tools have changed, but many of the techniques and methods are still used today in modern carpentry. The tools of carpenters of yesteryear were simple, but let them do the work with amazing accuracy.

Hand drill

A hand drill is the old version of a drill power, unless you were the driver. The drill chuck had a key that allowed him to change the drill holes of different sizes. The handle was detached from the top, so you could grab the body of the drill and turns the handle. Initially, drills were used to make holes in the wood pegs.

Measuring ruler

Tape measures did not exist in the old days. A measurement rule was used instead. This device was about 4 feet (1.2 m) long, but split into sections of a foot (30 cm) so that it could be folded, and was used to measure everything a carpenter cut or marked.


The saw was used to cut everything from frames to moldings. As in modern blades saws, the saw teeth dictating the use of the sheet, while longer and were less teeth, was rougher cut. Saws with more and shorter teeth were for finish carpentry.

Manual planer

Manual brushing had multiple uses, is mainly used to align the edges of the joints so that both surfaces were leveled or equal. It was a simple wooden block with a flat metal blade sharp, protruding slightly from a slot at the bottom. The blade was angled to avoid marking the wood that was flattening. This tool is also used to put angles on tables, chairs rails and moldings to give them more decorative appeal. Hand planers are often used to touch up the edges of the boards that were to be linked together, so it seemed they were one piece.

Techniques for painting plasterboards

The plasterboard is a building material which is made ​​of gypsum pressed between two sheets of thick paper used for the construction of interior walls. Paint the plasterboard is not a very difficult task. However, there are certain techniques that help to make the work correctly.

Wall Preparation for painting

Begin to prepare the wall for painting. Take sandpaper slight degree (grain 200) and smooth’s rough imperfections such as chips and loose fibers. Be sure to wear goggles and mask when you do this. Otherwise, you run the risk that you plaster dust into the eyes and lungs. If you find nail holes, nicks or cuts, use a drywall compound and sand to fill that area as well. Then shake the dust from drywall and check that they are clean and have no oil or grease on them, once the wall is ready for paint, joints between the panels and rags placed on floors, windows and furniture that are close to the drywall. This will protect their surfaces from unwanted splashes of paint and dust.

Paint the plasterboard

The surface of the as the weather is warm without humidity, Start by applying a primer, Use a primer with a similar color tint finish, Dip the roller into the primer and then apply it to the wall with similar movements up and down. After the primer has dried, double check that the wall has no imperfections. Once the wall is clean and smooth as you like, start painting drywall, one of the keys to paint the gypsum board successful is to choose the right paint.

Although you’ve primed the wall, check the label for a painting that works as a primer and sealer. This will be different from the primer. It will be what you use to paint your wall, because as a primer and sealer at a time will help to conceal imperfections left on the wall. Two coats of paint are sufficient for a good finish. Apply two layers with the same painting technique used with the primer. Make sure the wall is completely dry between the two layers. Also, do not be afraid to use a lot of paint. A common mistake is to use little paint, but should apply in large numbers in each layer.

Decorating ideas to improve a room

I hate to say this, but the designers do not follow a specific manual. There are no laws about what we have to do with regard to Home Decor. We are creative beings by nature and we love to imagine, dream and explore, following our intuition. Having said that, there are many principles that can guide us to get a good result. There are things that simply work better than others. And they are not tricks that take years to learn. Anyone can, so you should be very attentive from now on.

Choose the color of the painting last. There are many owners that choose it when they arrive.

Of course: why not come and have nice freshly painted walls? You can do this, but it is not ideal.

There are thousands of colors, shades and shades. Each one is seen in a different way depending on the home, due to the lighting. You want to choose the color that is best complemented in your new home and that you can only check it effectively when all your things are already in your home.

Give space to your furniture. Do not obsess over overpopulation of all furniture rooms. This is good news if you have little budget. You do not need to fill up the whole space of things. Spend more budget on few things, but quality, and your room will look much better.

Hang the right boxes at the right height. In museums and galleries they are usually hung at about 170 cm because the human eye is at that height on average.

You should do the same. A good idea to see how it would look is to take a picture of the room and then superimpose the picture with a computer program or a specialized app for it.

Resist to make everything monothematic. Play with different environments and colors.

Create a point where everything is focused. There are leaders in every aspect and the decor does not differ in this. Choose your star point and make it the leader of the house. Your star point can be a very striking painting, a tablecloth in the kitchen or a piece of art in the living room. No matter what it is, choose something that catches your eye. In this room, the fireplace and the light are combined to create a star point, attracting the look to the center of the room.

Do not hang things for hanging. It does not matter as your great-grandmother gave it to you. If you do not stick to the room, find another place (maybe in another room … or in a box).

It varies the scales. What looks good in a store may look like an elephant in the middle of the room when you place it in your house. Or vice versa, it’s too small … Always keep in mind the proportions.

Add lighting layers. In this kitchen you can see how the different objects are illuminated creating a very cozy atmosphere. Lighting layers are put to create intriguing interest and variety. If you illuminate everything, nothing will stand out. Choose a star point and a secondary point and give them a little light.

The personality in the end is what makes a place unique and makes you feel at home, so feel free to blow your imagination. The more things you try, the more confident you’ll find some way to make everything look beautiful.

Lastly, forget all these principles and get your creativity.

20 simple ideas you can do yourself to improve your home

A house is not something that always stays the same way, but rather the opposite, with the passage of time we realize that something is always missing. If this is your case, we invite you to know the following tricks that will help you improve your house.

When we start a new life away from home where we have been raised, however much we want to have this new house of everything we need, over time we will always realize that something is always missing, however small, it is very important to Our day to day. These things can always be bought in any warehouse, but we also have the opportunity to create them with our own hands, as with the ideas that we bring to you and that will help you to make your home something better.

  1. Recycle doorknobs to turn them into towel racks.
  2. A painted picture where to hide things in the wall.
  3. Organize your bracelets in toilet paper roll holders.
  4. Create original shelves using old wooden drawers.
  5. Use an old clothes basket to create a polka dot pattern.
  6. The bottles can be transformed into towel racks.
  7. Shoe organizers can use them to organize certain foods.
  8. Save space by placing the ironing board hanging behind a door.
  9. Recycle the old CD organizers.
  10. Use a drink dispenser to manage your liquid detergent.
  11. Store leftover paint in a baby food jar.
  12. A curtain rod for storing bathroom objects.
  13. Keep a backup in your garden.
  14. A frame with glass like slate.
  15. A lifting table in the deepest shelves.
  16. Use foam noodles to protect your garage.
  17. Use a hanger to organize your cables.
  18. This is the best way to hide your router.
  19. Apply an ice cube on your carpet to eliminate the most difficult stains.
  20. Place an empty handkerchief box to organize your bags.

Design ideas for a teen bedroom

Teens can express their individuality through their choice of bedroom decor. Your entry should keep the most weight in the decision making process, but compromises may be necessary depending on the rules of the house. For example, apartment dwellers often cannot drastically change the color of the walls. Budgeting is another factor that can hinder designs, but both can be avoided through creative planning options.

The color options

Possible color choices for teenagers often include dramatic contrasts like black and white; neon colors; Red white and blue; or black and red. A compromise is to paint a single wall of a shocking color, or paint the lower half of the room a darker color and leaving the top part neutral. If you cannot paint the walls, add the teenager’s colors to enjoy through the choices of bedding, curtains and accessories.


Incorporate the necessary storage into the decoration of a teenager’s room. Set up a wall of lockers to hold clothes, school supplies, sports equipment or a stereo system. Stack white cubes, open front, or hang randomly on the wall to store small objects, books or CDs. Install a high shelf around the room about one foot on the ceiling to hold a collection of trophies or stuffed animals, for example.

Furniture upgrades

Change the furniture without spending a lot of money. Apply a coat of paint for children’s pieces to update the style. Use slate paint on a dresser to create a painted-ready piece of furniture. Add low-cost chunks, such as puff chairs, a futon, a papas a chair or hammock.


Template words on the wall. Choose the lyrics of the song, a poem or a favorite quote. Hang up extra-large letters of fiber boards in different styles to spell the name of them along the wall in the style of the note of rescue. Apply corkboard tiles to a wall for a constant viewing change of notes and photos. Use the old sports t-shirts to create a quilt or room curtains.

Home improvement

Finally you have decided to paint the bedrooms of your children. Not only that, but you’re going to do it yourself. Congratulations. Or your roof canals have become so full of leaves that it is the only place of overflowing rainstorms go down the sides of your house and sneak into the Foundation, and you have decided to install a channel protection system. And you’re going to do that.

These can be great choices. DIY projects are self-affirmation and self-empowerment and often provide real opportunities for personal growth and development. There may be substantial savings, or you want to reconnect with your school or what kind of store. Regardless of the numerous possible motivations, the most important consideration in any home improvement project is safety.

In addition to basic rules like wearing goggles and always having a companion support and stabilizing the ladder in which you are, home security often depends on your own level of fitness.

For example if you are relatively out of shape, it is easy to strain a neck, shoulder or lower back muscle when you are trying to apply the paint evenly to a corner of the ceiling. Similarly, if you have not done any strenuous exercise consistently in a while, DIY activities such as changing the car battery or even mowing the lawn can cause a low back injury.

Regular vigorous exercise provides many benefits in addition to preparation for physical work. Also, support the exercise and physical work is a specialized system of nerve endings known as proprioceptor.

1. These nerve cells play an important role in whether physical activity is performed easily and well or, on the contrary, results in injury. Briefly said proprioceptors tell your brain about the position of your body in three-dimensional space.

For example, if you are bent over to pick two cans of a gallon of paint, your brain needs to know that you are ankles are flexed to 20 degrees, your knees are bent at 80 degrees, and your hips are flexed at 70 degrees . If this information is not accurately transmitted or isn’t received fairly instantly, you may suffer a lower back injury even though the paint cans weigh only 8 pounds each. The proprioception becomes a critical system any time you go par upwards in a ladder.

2. I’ts balance depends on a moment-to-moment, bi-directional flow of information between your brain and your bones, joints, muscles, and ligaments. Your nervous system and the musculoskeletal system do all the calculations necessary so that you can work safely from the top step of your ladder. But if your proprioception system has not been optimally trained at one time and is, in a sense, out of shape, your overall balance and safety are at stake. Bad things can happen.

From all points of view, including home safety, it is important to keep your proprioception system in optimum conditions. You can do this easily through strengthening activities like yoga and bodybuilding and aerobic activities such as jogging, walking, swimming and biking.

3. Training proper acceptor is incorporated into all forms of vigorous exercise. Safe and successful way to complete your home improvement projects is one of the many benefits.

Home improvement

Before you start any home improvement project, you need the right tools. While you do not need all the tools to find them in a hardware store, there are tools that you will often use for different projects around your home. Create the first box of home improvement tools with the basic tools, and then buy special accessories as you need them.


Each tool set has a hammer, which is a device with a handle and a metal head with a flat nose. The nose allows you to drive your nails. For general home improvement work, purchase a hammer with a curved claw at the back. This helps you to remove twisted or unwanted nails from its surface. If you plan on doing heavy duty masonry jobs, buy a hand hammer driller. This hammer has a solid head, thick and is larger than the common hammer. This gives you more power when hammering on a hard surface.

Punch out

Drills are multifunctional tools that allow you to create holes and drive with screws. Look for a drill that allows you to manipulate the pair, especially if you are going to use this tool to drill through concrete, metal or thick woods as railway sleepers. Decide if you prefer a cordless or cordless drill. A cordless drill uses a rechargeable battery and usually comes with battery and charger. While cordless drills are more portable, the battery runs out after continued use. Buy a drill with a good warranty. For this, not only for protection, but the best brand companies usually offer better guarantees.


Although you can use your drill for most of the work of a screwdriver, screwdrivers are necessary for the hard to reach areas. Also, use this tool for quick screw removal. Small screwdrivers work especially well on small screws found on computers, remote controls and electronics. The two main types of Phillips head screwdrivers are flat head. A flat head screwdriver is completely flat, while the Phillips has a thicker head, X-shaped grooves.

Measuring tape

Metric tapes help determine the length of a wall or object to determine whether or not it is something that will fit into your space. A standard metal tape measure is removed from a central housing and the metal tape has marked measurements on it, including inches and feet and sometimes centimeters. Laser measurements also allow you to measure a space, except that the laser bounces at the end of the object. Receive the final measurement on the laser measurement screen.

How to design your own cedar house

You can build a wooden house using a variety of materials, but the cedar houses stand so long and look beautiful for years. Cedar construction looks great with brick and stone or brick and stone veneers more affordable. You can design a cedar house, either metal or asphalt roofing material. Many cedar houses are built in wooded areas, so metal is often a good choice for skirting the leaves and branches that fall on the roof. Cedar coating absorbs various types of dye or paint very well, so the exterior is relatively easy to maintain.


  1. Talk to your banker and decide how much you can afford to spend on a new home. You will need facts about the cost per square foot for a typical construction project in your area. Decide if you can build a house that is closer to 1,500 square feet or 2,400 square feet, for example. Use this as a starting point.
  2. Select the basic shape of the house you like. The roof is the most definitive part of the design architecture of any home. Decide if you want an A- frame, a combination of roof angles or a straight ranch type roof, for example. Consider placing bedrooms in a loft using attic space under the ceiling for additional space. Comparison of house plans found in design books or on the Internet. Talk to a builder about the costs of a one-story house versus a two-story house.
  3. Draw your basic design on paper. Use a sketchbook and then transfer the ideas to the graph paper. Allow a six-inch squared paper space of real space. Draw different floor plans with the number of bedrooms and bathrooms you need. If your budget is limited, put most of your footage square in the kitchen-living areas. You can always build bedrooms in loft areas or build smaller rooms to allow more living space.
  4. List all the amenities you would like to have. Create this list so you can select what is really important. For example, every cedar home looks best with a brick base or stone front foundation concrete blocks. A stone fireplace, vaulted ceilings, hot tub and beautiful scenery should be part of the house. Decide which amenities you can add in a few years, so you build the square footage you need and worry about unnecessary services in the short term.
  5. Ask about the builders in your area. Talk to the owners who live in cedar houses that they have built on their property, if possible. Talk to home design business owners or home improvement store managers to get names of builders. Check out your builder of choice with the Better Business Bureau. Ask your builder to help you make critical decisions and find a way to save money on materials.

Tips & Warnings

  • Visit some models of cedar houses in your region in display lots. While you may not want to build a manufactured cedar house, you can get excellent ideas for design plans and floor plans in the study of these properties.

Ideas to decorate your home in spring

Spring is upon us, the most colorful and joyful season of the year. If you want to decorate your house to match this beautiful time, we will give you some very useful ideas, so you will feel that you are in the middle of a large garden and add a fresh touch to your home. The first thing to do is place plants in the flower pots, which can be painted with floral motifs. You can also add color to the furniture with pastel tones, so the rooms will have a cool touch.

If you have a ladder available, you can use it to place indoor plants throughout the house. Use window sills to place small pots, and if you have a small balcony, you can also create your own garden. You can also keep transparent bottles and paint them brightly and place them in windows as well.

If you want to paint the walls, we recommend that you use a blue color that would be perfect in the bathroom.  Green or white will also invite you to sit in the spring. In addition to the walls, you can use these colors for details like curtains, ceiling lamps and vases.

To decorate the dining room or kitchen table you can place a white tray with seasonal fruits, adding a more natural touch. In regard to the living room, you can decorate it with pink or yellow details, to give the room extra life.

In spring we want to enjoy the good weather, the color and the light, so use your imagination and choose your accessories carefully. For example, you can buy bright colored or floral print cushions. You can also hang pictures and photos with fun and colorful images.

In the kitchen, you can buy dishes with flowers or bright colors. You can save these and with the change of season, they can be used in more than one occasion. We recommend vinyl paper butterflies, flowers, etc., which are very easy to put up and take down and can be saved for the following year.

Learning to make home improvements by painting the house

How many times has it happened to us, that we think of making improvements to the home and by simple ignorance of the procedures ends up getting more expensive? How often do we want to become plumbers, we think that simply by picking up a plumber’s wrench we will solve a filtration problem, and we end up aggravating it and having to call a professional?

Well let’s suppose that our interests in home improvement are centered on painting the house, the first thing we must take into account is that we cannot do a good job simply by buying a few brushes and paint, if we want to do something well done we must learn how and today there are numerous guides for all kinds of home improvements. Let’s begin, the first thing we must know is that we must do to know what we will need, in the first instance we must know what state the walls are, regularly the walls to be repainted have cracks, the wall is chipped, lacerations, and even traces of moisture in the form of mold.

Once we know the symptoms of our walls we proceed to acquire all the necessary products for the whole process of painting, we must take into account that the improvements of the home like the graffiti of the house, involves several processes prior to the application of the painting. It is advisable to make a list as a guide that includes everything you need, in this list we must note grades of various gradations, adhesive tapes, anti-fungicides based on chlorine, cleaning products and detergents, brushes of various sizes and rollers with handle long, scissor ladders, plastics to protect the floor, paint depending on the size of the surface, among others.

The first procedure is the preparation of the wall, a good sanding after the removal of layers of paint with a spatula, clear the ground for the repair of cracks with mastic and professional paste, then is sanding again the excess material until that the surface is completely smooth. In order to achieve different levels of coarse and fine grinding, several types of medium and fine sandpaper must be available, the thicker ones remove a lot of surface and can ruin the work.

Once repaired and sanded our walls proceed to treat areas with moisture, here we can use some product based on chlorine as chlorine helps to eliminate fungi very effectively. After applying this type of product we must wait until the wall is completely dry to continue working. The next step in home improvements will be to remove stains with some special product, and finally we apply the paint, the layers of paint will depend on the paint we use. Remember the home improvements will benefit your quality of life and the better the used products, the better and more durable these jobs will be.