Using the flue of the chimney

A flue is the channel which channels the smoke and can dissipate through an opening in the roof. When enjoying a fire in your home, you should have an open fireplace to allow the carbon monoxide exhaust. The damper, which is a couple of doors from steel connected by hinges, controls the opening and closing of the flue. To prevent heat from escaping into the home, short cushion for cirri the tube when the fire is completely extinguished.

Instructions

  1. Take the throttle lever, which is generally made of iron or heavy steel and extends downward from inside the chimney.
  2. Move the lever forward and push up to lift gate doors and open the flue.
  3. Pull the lever so that the doors remain open as regulator. Look at the fireplace to see serrated teeth above the doors into the groove of the handle.
  4. Light on and enjoy a fire in your home.
  5. Take the handle of a regulator when the fire is out completely and the stove is cool and pushes upward and inward to release the doors of the serrated teeth of the chimney. Pull the handle down to close the tube and prevent heat loss through the chimney.

Tips & Warnings

  • Always check that the chimney is open and clear before making a fire.

What is the average cost to remodel a bathroom?

A small bathroom sometimes needs some renovations to make it look not only larger, but also to feel part of the house. Small bathrooms are less expensive to remodel, compared with a big one, but the value ​​depend on factors such as the extent of the work of remodeling, plumbing and decoration. As with any project of this type, get a permit from the city planning office or building and make sure there are no specific rules that your bathroom should meet to be approved.

Paints and supplies

Painting is a quick update method and refreshes a bathroom. You can do it yourself or hire a professional service. The most obvious material needed for this project is the paint, but it is not alone. Baths require semi-gloss latex paint formula resistant to prevent mold growth behind and above the surface of the paint. At the time of writing, the average gallon (3.78 l) of this kind cost US $ 20. In addition to this, you need rollers, brushes, edging tool, masking tape, tarps and paint tray.

Tile floors

You must remove soils and obsolete or mold from tiles in a remodeling project. Ceramic tile or stone are durable versatile choices, but are expensive in terms of product and labor. A cheaper alternative is vinyl, but you need a high quality to achieve the look and durability of a tile. The average cost ranges from less than US $ 1 to over $ 12 per square (0.09 square meters) feet, according to Lowe.

Bathtubs and toilets

If the bathroom is very outdated, oversized accessories such as bathtubs and toilets may also need replacement. Measure the space of bathroom before asking the price of great accessories because unless you go to extract and expand the walls, your new furniture should be similar in size to the old. At the time of this publication, you can expect to pay over $ 400 for a new basic bath, up to US $ 300 for a toilet, and US $ 70 to over $ 400 for a vanity; when you replace all the great accessories in bathroom, buy similar styles to match.

Plumbing and accessories

The change of faucets and bathroom accessories can be updated without the high cost of replacing large appliances. Replacing a faucet, for example, it is a rapid modernization that makes a big difference in the bathroom. The average cost ranges from US $ 20 to US $ 200 at the end of this publication. The style, size and materials affect the cost. The updated fixtures in the bathroom, such as handles, light switches, lighting and mirrors are additional costs that an owner can expect to pay in a remodel. When you have a very tight budget, try to remove and repaint parts of taps, as an alternative to replacement.

Facts and figures

The cost of bathroom remodeling may vary depending on the extent of the modernization and the actual size of the bathroom. In 2010-11 a report of cost versus value of the magazine “Remodeling”, said the average price for a change of a medium sized bathroom, had a cost of between US $ 14,000 and US $ 18,000 depending on the area which the house stood. It included a bathroom of 5 x 7 feet (1.50 m by 2.1 m) with a complete renovation of the interior. The value, however, was estimated at just over $ 10,000 as a national average, if the owner had intended to sell the house after completing it. In 2008, “Consumer Reports”, estimated the national average for a bathroom remodel at US $ 10,000 for mid and US $ 25,000 for the high level.

Why launch the chimney smoke

Whether that provides ventilation for homes, stoves or wood pellet stoves, fireplaces are designed to bring the smoke out of your home and release it into the atmosphere. In some cases, the smoke coming from the top of a chimney is a sign of normal operation. In other cases, such as the smoke out of the chimney inside your home can be a sign of a serious problem.

Ventilation

When a fireplace is working properly, will release the smoke out, the purpose of the fire, including external and internal layer of masonry, his cloak covered, is to provide ventilation for the byproducts of burning wood, oil and gas. Depending on the type of fuel you use, you’ll see a consistent reasonable amount of smoke escaping from the top of your chimney.

Downdraft

If your chimney smokes free base rather than the top, letting the smoke from entering your house where the chimney meets the stove or through the home, it may be due to the downdraft. This occurs when high winds alter the air pressure in your chimney, causing a downward air flow which is more powerful than the tendency of the smoke to rise. A chimney cap or a fan can avoid the downdraft blocking the effects of wind or offering additional force out, respectively.

Open fires

Chimney fires occur when soot that covers the inside of the chimney eventually catches fire due to hot air rising from it. A chimney fire can result in extraordinarily thick, dark smoke coming from the top of your chimney. You can also smoke seeping into the interior of the chimney bricks, filling your home or attic with smoke. In some cases you will see the flames coming from the top of the fireplace, or you could hear from inside your home. If you notice that the fire seems to indicate a chimney fire, immediately call your fire department.

Blockade

Like other types of vents, chimneys can be locked. This can make emit smoke inside your house, either through cracks in the bricks or through your fireplace or stove. The blockage may come from the accumulation of snow on your roof, dirt inside the fireplace or something that covers the top of the chimney, like a bird’s nest. To avoid this kind of smoke, clean your fireplace and make sure your cover enough about your roof is raised to prevent snow and ice cover it. Install a cover mesh to prevent animals from installing and protects the chimney of the accumulation of dirt.

Hand tools for woodworking

Woodworking tools of any kind have the same basic purpose: to remove wood. This includes removing a lot to give you an outline form to the piece, or removed to a fine finish. These tools are used to build structures, building furniture or anything that requires removing or shaping wood. Woodworking tools were among the first inventions of man. The design and shape of these tools has remained unchanged for generations. An ancestor 150 years ago would recognize modern versions of woodworking tools.

Sierras

The saws are thin and flexible pieces of iron teeth and a handle. They can be large enough to cut a tree, or as small as for finishing work. The most common are the cross and rip saws. A crosscut saw cuts perpendicular to the grain of the wood, while a rip saw cuts parallel to the grain. These carpentry tools come in a variety of shapes and configurations of teeth, depending on the purpose. Some have big teeth to remove wood quickly while others have small teeth for fine cuts that let the wood smooth.

Drills

Drills and drill pierce the wood. A rotary drill bit removes pieces of wood. There are two common configurations drill. A truss is a U-shaped device A chuck is secured to a drill bit at one end. With one hand on the other side of the “U” and the second hand spinning in the bottom of the “U”, the drill rotates to remove the wood. The other configuration is common chuck supporting a rotary drill and the handle in a straight line. A rotating toothed wheel rotates the drill to remove the wood and form a hole.

Chisels and planes

A chisel or flat removes a small amount of wood. A chisel is a piece of metal with a sharp end and a handle. The metal comes in different widths for different size applications. The planes have a flat base with a sharp metal plate at an angle to the base. These tools remove timber along as they are pushed. Different plans are made for different purposes.

Others

Other popular woodworking tools include hammers and screwdrivers, to insert nails and wood screws to hold wood pieces and press, holding wood pieces together while the glue dries, or while holding the parties otherwise, The tools that remove small amounts of wood include spatulas and scrapers. Several squads’ help carpenters keep their pieces lined to cut and assemble.

Good ideas for remodeling the doors of the kitchen cabinets

Outdated furniture can cause a kitchen entire look old, even if you’ve updated everything else recently. If the cabinets are in good condition and have no reason to replace them, restore them is a cost effective way to update your kitchen without completely remodeling. In some cases, only replacing the hanging hardware and can make a big difference in the look of your kitchen cabinets.

Reface

The coated cabinets will change its shape, texture and color, in one step, to do remove the doors and drawers and scrape out the hardware. Wrap a piece of plywood on the surface of the drawer and door to give it a new look. The plate comes in a variety of colors, styles and rolling, so chooses one that meets your needs.

Repainted

Repainting requires more time and materials, but is cheaper than coated or replacing the doors and drawers. This process requires you to remove the doors and drawers of cabinets; you take away the color and paint with a new twist. Consider adding a modern to paint cabinet doors and drawers of different colored frames touch. Another option is to use a faux finish, as old or cuts, to add a decorative touch.

Molding and borders

Sometimes the color of a cabinet is very good, but still need additional help. Consider using decorative moldings for cabinet doors accentuate edges or by creating decorative patterns. You can also try to create a frame within frame cabinet doors. Make a frame around the edge using a decorative molding, then make an additional frame a few centimeters inwards from the first.

Ideas diverted

Cabinet doors can do more than hide ugly piles of dishes or Tupperware. With some minor changes may become part of the highly functional kitchen. Consider lining the front of one or two cabinet doors with corkboard or slate instead of paint or wood. This will give you a space to write notes to family members, post photos and write down reminders and even a shopping list.

How to arrange the furniture in the living room

The living room is a gathering place for family and friends. The room has to accommodate several pieces of furniture and can be used for various purposes, such as watching television, entertaining guests and play. Factors such as the patterns of traffic and the size of the room also play an important role in determining an accommodation of both practical and aesthetically appealing furniture. Take time to plan your accommodation before moving furniture in order to reduce the amount of lifting heavy items required to place the pieces in your room.

Instructions

  1. Measure the length and width of the room. Record these numbers and make a scale drawing of the room, marking the locations of the windows and entrances. Recorded in the sketch the length and width of the space.
  2. Measure the length and width of the sofa, chairs, tables and other furniture such as shelves, to be placed in the room.
  3. Evaluates the architecture of the room. Determines the focal point of space; this can be a great window with a view, a fireplace or built cabinet that houses the TV. If no significant focal points in your drawing scores what is the longest wall with a window or an entry.
  4. Arrange the cuts, placing the sofa and chairs to watch the focal point of the room, and position also to form a “U”. If there is no focal point, position the sofa in the longest wall. Place the chairs on either side, for how U. The chairs should be faced.
  5. Place a coffee table in front of the sofa and tables on either side of this. This is the conversation area and the anchor for the room.
  6. Place cutouts conversation area slightly forward, leaving a gap of two feet between the wall and the couch. Determines if this disrupts any possible pattern of traffic is directed to the room from the entrance. If so, they put things back as they were. If not, leave them where they are.
  7. Work outward from your conversation area. If television is the main attraction in the room, opposite the sofa positional. Put the chairs on either side angle, so look at television. This allows you to rotate towards you if you have company, or in case you gather for a family conversation.
  8. Create small areas in the room. Using your clippings accommodates the remaining furniture to make room for a game table and chairs, a shelf and a reading chair, or other personalized spaces. Begins with space between the conversation area and the focal point, and places these areas near the walls. Note traffic patterns; do not place furniture in front of the entrances or hallways that are blocking the conversation area.
  9. Use your drawing to scale with the cuts and physically accommodate your furnishings following the plan. Add your accessories like personal pictures, vases and beads. He lives with that accommodation for a few days and makes the necessary adjustments to your personal needs.

 

Tips & Warnings

  • Light up your conversation area with table lamps and floor for each zone.

How repainting shower tiles

The tiles in the shower are usually made ​​of resistant ceramic with properties against water and are easy to clean. You can decorate the tiles as paint is always an option. To repaint need some basic materials, but the results can help to renew the bathroom to your liking. Avoid using paints based oil because high concentrations of moisture in the shower can erode the paint over time. Instead use epoxy paint.

Instructions

  1. Mix a solution of equal parts white vinegar and warm water in a spray bottle. Clean the tiles with the solution and then clean them with a damp sponge to remove any dirt or mildew. White vinegar is an effective natural cleanser and disinfectant for tiles. Dry with a towel.
  2. Sand the tiles with sandpaper grit 100. Moist paper with acetone before applying them. This will help remove the previous printer while preparing the surface so the paint will adhere better. Rinse tiles to remove dust and any remaining acetone before continuing. Use rubber gloves while working with acetone to prevent skin exposure to the product.
  3. Place masking tape between the tiles to protect grout lines and prevent paint there. Use thin so that most of the tiles left uncovered strips
  4. Use a brush to apply primer on the tiles, which will help the paint to adhere to the tile and last longer. Wait until the product is completely dry before proceeding.
  5. Brush rinse thoroughly with water to completely remove the primer.
  6. Apply epoxy paint on the tiles with a brush. Avoid using oil as the amount of moisture in the shower will remove them quickly. The epoxy paint provides a durable finish that lasts longer. Once the first coat is completely dry, apply a second coat for best results.
  7. Remove the masking tape once the epoxy paint has dried completely. Wait an additional 24 hours before using the shower to make sure the paint is properly adhered to the tile.

How to remodel old kitchen inexpensively

Updating an old kitchen can enhance the final value of a home. Whether you live in or plan to sell the house, keep in mind that cooking affect the environment much the same. Make plans for remodeling an old kitchen to give the space a unique design. Take ideas from books or magazines of decoration, but imagine invests in special ways to redo the kitchen creating a unique space in its kind. Be sure to keep the floors or old cabinets with special characters or artistic designs. Also add objects such as framed pictures, to decorate the space.

Instructions

  1. Plan improvements organized around the space of the old kitchen. Leave cabinets, sink and appliances in their current positions, unless something needs to be changed to a lower cost of remodeling; for example, you can retouch an old kitchen with white metallic spray paint especially recommended for appliances, rather than change, to save money.
  2. Identify necessary repairs as a weak or defective electrical wiring underground. Hire a plumber and an electrician to inspect the entire house, including the kitchen; failing to detect a leak or an electrical problem can lead to problems over time and more costs. Making repairs is the top priority for the rest of the reform involves only beautify the space.
  3. Create a palette of colors to match your taste, used furniture in the room and the rest of the house. Use neutral colors for a high quality finish; if done incorrectly, colorful painting can be vulgar. For example, you can combine walls of pale golden color with white trim or light taupe walls with dark gray trim. Although painting is the least expensive decorating tool, choosing the right colors enhances the final appearance.
  4. Give new life to old cabinets. Buy new doors, which are relatively inexpensive to put on freshly painted cabinets. Another option is to install new oak doors in oak cabinets remodeled. Buy one or two separate closets where you can store food or pots and sources if you need more storage space.
  5. Install new appliances and devices if necessary. For example, you can invest in a new refrigerator or update an old sink with new faucets. Hire someone to repair or renew the old enamel sink if you only need some cheap touches. Use metallic spray paint to renovate the kitchen vents that are old or rusty. Oxide sandpaper before applying the paint, or use phosphoric acid to remove it instantly; paint an old stove or refrigerator that work well but have an antiquated finish.
  6. Install a new vinyl floor. Use all white floors if the room is small, to reflect the maximum amount of light. Buy linoleum, which is the most economical of all floors, to give life to the ground like a very small investment until you can deal more expensive.

Different types of window treatments

The curtains are the type of treatment for most popular windows for many reasons. Frame a window with fabric provides attractive aesthetic and functional. Curtains can soften rigid lines, add color, and texture, colorful landscapes little block, give privacy and gently filter sunlight. There are many types to choose curtains for your windows, from traditional favorites to contemporary.

Curtains barrel

Barrel curtains create an aesthetic gathered clasping curtain fabric in barrels above the window. This treatment may have a header (fold) over the rod, or having no header. Barrel curtains can have holes of 1 inch (2.54 cm) to 1/2 inch holes 4 (11.43 cm). They are one of the most popular types of curtains. These curtains can be purchased from any vendor of home decor or can be tailored to any type of fabric available.

Curtains with stitched pleats

Curtains or curtains with decorative folds sewn pleats have on top. They are a traditional type of treatment for curtains. The header is created with a series of folds that are passed through barrels. They can be hung by hooks or rings of said Barrel. They can be worn under skirts or on shutters for a complete treatment. An alternative for stitching fold is the fold box. Headers box pleat curtain folding upon itself in the total length of the curtain.

Curtains clips

The curtains with loops at the top enhance the beauty of decorative barrels, since much of barrels seen through this arrangement header window. Loops or circles fabrics are sewn to the top of a flat panel and give a very contemporary image. The clips can be made both of a fabric that matches or contrasting fabrics. These curtains come in wrinkled or plain versions. Fabrics made of any kind of weight are suitable for this type of curtains.

Cafe curtains

The cafe curtains are short panels covering half the length of the window. These curtains are hung from barrels suspension or coffee from the middle of the window, leaving the top of the window naked. The cafe curtains are popular for their simple, casual and clean style in bathrooms and kitchens. The cafe curtains can be combined with one side (window topper) for a cohesive look.

How much does an interior decorator

There is no easy way to estimate how much it costs to hire an interior decorator, because costs go beyond just paying for the services. For example a decorator need to make your project will be added to your bill. Decorator’s fees also vary widely, and depend partly on the experience and location. The best ways to predetermine the fees of a decorator is to request an estimate for your project, but some costs are standard through the industry.

Decorators vs. designers

Determine if you need an interior designer or a decorator before hiring someone. Interior decorators working strictly with the decor so will select the paper, the colors of paint, furniture arrangements and perform other tasks that are related. Interior designers have to be licensed to work in your state because they are more involved with architectural design and construction of buildings, which requires them to have knowledge of building codes. Services decorators and designers are qualified to provide usually affects the cost of them. For example, a project that involves adding a specialty wall requires a designer who also hires people to plan and build the wall. Additional support will increase the cost of the project.

Fee

Interior decorators and designers charge for their services in a similar way. Some charge a flat rate, but also earn commissions based on a percentage of the cost of furniture and other decorative items that sell to customers to complete a project. A magazine article “Smart Money” entitled “10 things that interior designers are not going to say” notes that customers are not charged fixed rates can be paid hourly rates ranging from US $ 75 to US $ 250 Costhelper.com estimated rates of interior decorators ranging from US $ 35 to US $ 500 per hour. Hourly rates can become expensive if you have a big project, and also may be charged for work related to your project carried out by the assistant decorator or designer.

Decorator pricing

Decorators usually receive discounts on furniture and other items when buy for client projects. However, it is likely to receive a bill that only displays the total project cost. Tell a decorator in advance you want to know how much it will charge for the furniture and other items before purchasing. The article “Smart Money”, says the cost of such things can be fixed up to 40% discount despite decorator.

Considerations

You can get free and low cost services through furniture stores and remodeling. Big Franchises typically include services and decoration design furniture purchases and projects kitchen remodeling. For example, Home Depot offers kitchen design and installation services for people buying kitchen furniture shop. Ethan Allen offers free indoor design for people buying furniture store. Buyers can even start a design consultation online through the website of Ethan Allen.