Standard measures of a bathtub

If you are planning the design or renovating of a bath space, you should start with the basics. Your goal is to plan the use of the floor of the bathroom to accommodate standard size of the tub and leave enough space for accessories sink and toilet.

Length and width

The width of the bathtub is a standard 30 inch (76 cm) wide. If the tub is located on a standard bath 60 inches by 108 inches (or 5 feet by 9 feet or 152 cm by 274 cm), the length of the bath is equal to the width of the bathroom, which is 60 inch (152 cm).

Height

The tub may have a dimension of between 14 inches (35 cm) and 17 inches (43 cm) high. If you go to the bathroom design to facilitate the transfer of a person with physical disabilities, consider the creation of a shower with a ledge on which you can roll a wheelchair instead of a bath.

Check local building codes

It is important that you check local building codes before planning the bathroom. There will be a maximum allowable distance (i.e., the number of inches) between the pipes, as pointing Leon A. Brochette author of “Remodeling a bathroom”. You can probably plan the position of the tub at the other end of the bathroom in front of its door.

Space adjacent to the tub

Once you have planned how much space will be needed to install the bath accessory, or to build a tub, you should plan the space next to the tub to dry a person. For example, you could add a space of 30 inches (76 cm) by 60 inches (152 cm) for this purpose. If the bath is immediately next to the toilet, they should be spaced at least 16 inches (40 cm) from the centerline of the toilet. You can also create a platform of 60 inches (152 cm) beside the tub for bathers to come and go easily.

Types of woodworking tools

The types of tools used in carpentry can be classified by the specific work for the group of tools is used. In woodworking, tools are used to cut, measure, secure in place temporarily, permanently adjust and carving. Many tools are offered as tools in two hands and power tools.

Measurement

The first step in any woodworking project is to measure the pieces of wood that can be cut; several tools can be used to measure the wood. A measuring tape and framing square are the two most common tools for measuring wood; the squad is used to measure and finally to cut even at angles of 90 degrees. Chalk lines and square carpenter pencils are also used to measure the wood to cut.

Cut

Cut the wood pieces according to measures is the next step on a woodworking project. Several hand saws and power saws are made ​​to cut wood. There are saws made ​​to cut circles in the center of wood pieces to cut corners on the edges of the slabs of wood and wavy edges.

Ensure

Many woodworking tools are used to secure pieces of wood in place temporarily to make wood easier for permanently adjust. Wood adhesives, clamps, clips and screws bank are examples of tools to secure. The special wooden tape can also ensure wood pieces temporarily until they can be permanently adjusted.

Fixation

Hammers, nails, screws, screwdriver, clamps, staple guns, hammers and tacks are examples of woodworking tools to secure wooden parts together permanently. There are fastening tools both handheld and on power. Fastening tools not only permanently attaches pieces of wood, but also set other objects as handles and hinges to a piece of wood.

Carving

Carving tools shape the pieces of wood, either to draw designs on the surface of a piece of wood or to shape and smooth wood. Sandpaper, files, chisels and drills electronic sanding are examples of some of the tools used in carpentry carving. Carving tools are any tools that alter the surface of the uncut wood.

Woodworking tools for multi-purpose

Drills are an example of a multi-purpose tool used in carpentry. The bores can be set with different bits that make useful hole in different applications. The drill holes can be cut by pieces of wood, screws and remove or secure carved on the surface of a piece of wood.

Warnings

Many woodworking tools, including those used for cutting, should be used with care to avoid injury.

How a concrete floor sanding

Concrete floors are durable, low- maintenance and easy to care for and can shine as if they were an expensive stone Natural polished. A computer professional is required to achieve a good lasting finish on a concrete floor and hiring along accelerate the process considerably. Only the adventurous should try this project on their own, for larger or several rooms spaces, allow several days of working time to fulfill all the tasks necessary to achieve a successful outcome.

Instructions

  1. Make a pass over the concrete floor with a disc grinder equipped with diamond wire mesh to remove the rough imperfections, smoothing the exposed aggregate and remove pits. It aspires or sweeps the dust and debris. Repeat this process until the rough concrete floor is smooth as you like, which can take up to five passes.
  2. Switches to a finer grit resin and diamond polishing disk of at least 300 grains to further refine the surface of concrete floor finish removing stains, even take the pores on the surface and smooth the edges of any aggregate built.
  3. Advance to a record fine polishing of at least 800 grains to refine the smoothness and brightness to sit on the concrete floor.
  4. Concrete floor polishes to a high gloss graduating disc very fine grain 1,500 or higher.
  5. Apply a polishing compound for concrete floors and polished with sander equipped with a disco floor polish, clean and soft. This last step raises any concrete residue left by previous processes and fills the microscopic pores, allowing the concrete floor more easily repels dirt and dust.
  6. It’s a good idea to consider concrete waterproofing to protect your newly finished floor. The waterproofing of concrete will prevent any spills into the soil and damage the surface.

Home decoration for a party forgotten

Ghosts and vampires are prowling in October, and the bright lights are scattered in December preparing for Christmas, the feast of Thanksgiving, between the night of fear and evening silence, often is forgotten when comes to home decor. Beyond the party awaited by the family, decorations this can bring a touch to your home that will make your guests in the spirit of gratitude for this holiday forgotten.

Enlighten your design

Outdoor fire pits features and specialized fire flames twinkling with create natural gathering point for the family’s post-meal get-together, ACCORDING TO landscaping designers Classy Aoyagi and Cara Barnard of Formula Landscaping. “Fire features add light, warmth and create an almost instinctive pulls to gather and share,” Aoyagi said. “There are many new products environmentally friendly that burn gels, which are great for bringing indoors concept.”

Successful decorating for Thanksgiving means concentrating on several key areas rather than spreading Decor Throughout The Entire home, Said Jennifer Owens of Le Potage Décor. Owens recommends choosing areas with big impact, such as an entry table, dining room sideboard, table cloth, kitchen island or chinese cabinet, to stage your décor.

“Begin by grouping like items to give them more visual impact,” said Owens. “Place your dimensional items like picture frames or framed mirrors, and then add some sparkle with candles and family silver. Use books to give height to varying items, and of course, add fall leaves, branches, acorns, pumpkins and gourds as filler. ”

Ponte colorful

It’s easy to swap out your colored accessories for fall summer’s rich hues. Those bring in Halloween pumpkins and place them next to the fireplace, draping them with flowers and boughs of leaves Thanksgiving’s to bring out the natural colors.

“Orange and chocolate as well as chocolate and lime are really fresh, modern that color combinations are perfect for Thanksgiving without being too trendy,” Hobbs said. “I have used thick chocolate [brown] ribbon to accent napkins used for personal as well as place settings for chocolate fabric table runners.”

Pots of fall mums and urns with ornamental grasses and evergreens also produce a festive welcome while adding colorful autumn foliage to both indoor and outdoor décor.

Accents holidays

Incorporating fall foods can spruce up your home for the festive holiday, too. With creative Hobbs fall suggests getting nuts. “I love to fill large glass apothecary jars with colorful lids With acorns or walnuts And Then add candles and use them as centerpieces,” she said.

Thanksgiving bouquets of fragrant herbs, such as thyme, rosemary and sage, fresh cut from the garden, will add a visually interesting centerpiece and light, fall fragrance to your home. Festive also vegetables can double as a centerpiece. “Try carving out peppers, cabbages and artichokes or turning them into candleholders,”.

Nina Patronize, head interior designer at Plush Home in California, recommends also decorating with fresh fruit and vegetables for the holiday season. “Fill your favorite bowls and baskets network with apples, nectarines, colorful bell peppers and even a presentation of fresh artichokes to bring colored and festivity to your dinner,” she said. “Couple with your arrangements votive, fabric napkins, glasses spotless, nice music and an organized table setting to create a special mood of graciousness, abundance and prosperity.”

Family time

Thanksgiving is, after all, a time for families to celebrate together. Why not make decorating for the fall feast to bonding experience? Decorating for Thanksgiving is a family affair in Owens’ household.

“Hours before our meal, I place produces, botanicals and miscellaneous stage candles on a folding table in the dining room so every guest joins in to create the table centerpieces,” she said. “People get very creative, making candleholders stacked artichoke, bouquets of brussels sprout stalks, and vases filled with crab apples and cranberries.” The bonding project allows the Entire Family to see the fruits of their work, and it yields a unique table setting, said Owens.

Also Owens different places inspirational quotes at each place setting. “This has been a very successful way to create a holiday table that encourages diners to linger and to enjoy more than just the food,” she said. “After all, Thanksgiving is about being thankful for the people in your life.”

History of woodworking tools

Although humans have little advantage natural in comparison with other animals, we improvise our intellect to create tools to build technology and civilization through the millennium. The tools we use have been built in various materials available. From decks to hammers, chisels to brush carpenter, carpentry tools have undergone changes throughout history.

Ancient tools

Until the man discovered the metalworking, tools are mainly made ​​of wood and stone. The old carpenters used wooden stakes with leaves carved bone or stone to hold together structures and objects. You can see an example of this in a fifteenth-century painting showing the construction of Noah’s Ark, carpenters used wooden mallets to fit the pegs into the holes. To make the holes, it drills a primitive form, which was the precursor of the drill was created.

After working with metal

After the arrival of metalworking, could produce better quality tools, such as brush and chisel carpenter. These are used to soften the edges or to work on a flat surface. The brush is simply mounted to a flat block of wood the size of the user’s hand chisel. The first brushes have been traced to ancient Rome. Also they could make axes. Before the stone was the main material of the blade of an ax, but then the ax could do to keep a sharp and durable blade.

Other metal tools

Besides brushes, axes and chisels, saws were developed. Saws could be used to work with wood already cut or cut trees and gather fresh wood. At first the mountains were not efficient because they only cut in one direction; the blade tends to sag if pushed in the other direction. In the fifteenth century, the metalwork had advanced to the point of creating saw blades with strong iron and steel could cut both ways.

Misconceptions

One of the most common misconceptions about the tools is that the nails were not invented until relatively modern times. Early Roman fortresses had a workshop called factory where blacksmiths made metal elements they needed. In a strong, had 7 tons of nails were found in archaeological expeditions? Particularly the British made nails of different lengths, material and thickness. At that time, there were also the screws as miniature drills that could be tightened or loosened as needed Carpenter.

Beyond the fifteenth century

Since the fifteenth century, woodworking hand tools have not changed much in form and function. Hammers, nails, brushes and screws still exist, and are used in the same way as in past centuries. Of course, in modern times, power tools were invented to save time and effort to the work of the carpenter, if you know them. For small jobs, hand tools still used by its simplicity and accessibility.

What is an exhaust fan in a bathroom?

Exhaust fans in the bathroom are mounted on the ceiling, allowing you to operate the exhaust fan inside via an electrical switch on the wall. Although bathroom exhaust fans vary in the amount of noise produced or accessories such as lights or heating elements are staying in the same unit; all exhaust fans perform the same essential function.

Purpose

An exhaust fan in bath serves two purposes. Since the fan draws air from the bathroom, it works well to remove odors from the room. Apart from removing odors, an exhaust fan in bathroom also moves the moist air from the bathroom, which reduces moisture levels after someone, takes a shower or bath. The moisture in a bathroom can lead to water damage and mold growth, which can be detrimental to the health of people and can damage the surfaces where it grows.

Problems signals

Even if your exhaust fan in your bathroom makes noise as it runs, it does not mean that the fan is working properly. There are signs that the exhaust fan is not working as it should. After running the pump for several minutes, the humidity in the bathroom should drop significantly. If you notice that the mirror remains fogged or that frost has formed on the bathroom window during the cold weather months, the fan is not working as it should. A malfunctioning exhaust also lead to mold growth in the bathroom, as well as wallpaper and have water stains on the walls or ceiling.

The attic ventilation

Some bathroom exhaust fans simply move the moist air from the bathroom to the attic above. An exhaust fan in a bathroom should always send the air out of the house. The ventilation of moist air from the bathroom in the attic can lead to water damage on the ceilings, mold growth in the attic moisture damage and structural timber. The only way to tell if the exhaust fan in your bathroom is venting in the attic or on the outside of the house is up to the attic and visually inspect the exhaust fan.

Locations outside vent

The exhaust fan must be connected to flexible hose ventilation in the attic of the house, which in turn connects to a vent on the outside of the house. The vent can sit outside on the roof where it should be covered by a piece of cover. Flexible hose line can also be added to a vent on the side of the house or in the bottom of the ceiling. The location of the ventilation grille outside does not matter, as long as the exhaust fan for bathroom is connected to flexible hose ventilation.

What colors should be combined with a gray floor bathroom

Redecorate and outline colors of any room includes using colors based for the most expensive areas of the environment. In a bathroom, choose neutral or easy options to combine with soil which helps make the atmosphere open to a variety of color choices. Gray tiled floors work well in both large and small areas and allow use several complementary colors.

Blue

Blue, from pale blue to a rich and strong royal blue, can be combined well with gray floors when they are used sparingly. Blue is a calming color, as is associated with water, is a good choice when selecting colors for a bathroom. To work around a gray floor tiles, keep the use of the blue to a minimum and use it to accent areas and parts. For example, use or silvery gray robes hanging on silver hangers with blue towel hangers for a touch of color. Use a shower curtain that has strips and contains both grays and blues. Other ways to use blue in the bathroom is to place candles of this color with silver plates, hang a picture nautical wear blue on one side and consider adding a border to the wall with blue gray or white wall.

Purple

For a bathroom to look more modern and progressive, use shades of purple and plum, lilac and deep to match the gray floor tiles. A plum on the gray carpet tiles can create a nice contrast between the two tones. Use a deep, rich plum for the shower curtain or window. Use a dark tone and then a supplement with a lighter shade of purple to accent pieces and places. Towels clear plum fixtures in strong colors and even wall paint will make the room come alive. If you use a lot of color, take the gray soil with sconces and shelves for towels, toilet paper and hook the light fixtures in silver or nickel to combine with gray tiles.

Green

Although not all shades of green are transmitted either to use in decorating the bathrooms, more muted tones like green sap works quite well in an area that is meant to keep the peace after a busy day. On the gray tile, use a dark shade of green sap to the carpet. Continues to emphasize the room with the green sap in objects like towels, shower curtain and blinds, add more decorative accent to fit your style pieces, your needs and your budget for decoration.

Pink

Gray, especially the lighter, tiles combine well with pink. Although there are better in a female toilet, the contrast between gray neutral or more off well with several shades of pink, crimson including pink, pale pink shade and even flowers. A pink carpet on gray tiles works well and a textured carpet adds appeal. Pink towels, candles and wall hangers for in this color colors together even more. To balance the bathroom and avoid make everything pink under the ground, opt for gray or silver curtains, like windows, and even covers for the plugs.

White and black

With the average gray line associated with white and black, decorate around a gray tiled floor opens the door to create a solid and modern feel if you use black and white decor. On the gray floor, the carpets in solid black or black with white prints combine well. To keep the subject in black and white, looking towels in solid shades of black, white or gray, add additional accessories like soap dishes, toothbrush glasses, and tissues boxes in colors like pewter or polished to highlight the strength of black and white united in nickel gray floor. A simple photograph in black and white with a silvery white black frame, or, provides an easy art to hang on the wall option.

Using the flue of the chimney

A flue is the channel which channels the smoke and can dissipate through an opening in the roof. When enjoying a fire in your home, you should have an open fireplace to allow the carbon monoxide exhaust. The damper, which is a couple of doors from steel connected by hinges, controls the opening and closing of the flue. To prevent heat from escaping into the home, short cushion for cirri the tube when the fire is completely extinguished.

Instructions

  1. Take the throttle lever, which is generally made of iron or heavy steel and extends downward from inside the chimney.
  2. Move the lever forward and push up to lift gate doors and open the flue.
  3. Pull the lever so that the doors remain open as regulator. Look at the fireplace to see serrated teeth above the doors into the groove of the handle.
  4. Light on and enjoy a fire in your home.
  5. Take the handle of a regulator when the fire is out completely and the stove is cool and pushes upward and inward to release the doors of the serrated teeth of the chimney. Pull the handle down to close the tube and prevent heat loss through the chimney.

Tips & Warnings

  • Always check that the chimney is open and clear before making a fire.

What is the average cost to remodel a bathroom?

A small bathroom sometimes needs some renovations to make it look not only larger, but also to feel part of the house. Small bathrooms are less expensive to remodel, compared with a big one, but the value ​​depend on factors such as the extent of the work of remodeling, plumbing and decoration. As with any project of this type, get a permit from the city planning office or building and make sure there are no specific rules that your bathroom should meet to be approved.

Paints and supplies

Painting is a quick update method and refreshes a bathroom. You can do it yourself or hire a professional service. The most obvious material needed for this project is the paint, but it is not alone. Baths require semi-gloss latex paint formula resistant to prevent mold growth behind and above the surface of the paint. At the time of writing, the average gallon (3.78 l) of this kind cost US $ 20. In addition to this, you need rollers, brushes, edging tool, masking tape, tarps and paint tray.

Tile floors

You must remove soils and obsolete or mold from tiles in a remodeling project. Ceramic tile or stone are durable versatile choices, but are expensive in terms of product and labor. A cheaper alternative is vinyl, but you need a high quality to achieve the look and durability of a tile. The average cost ranges from less than US $ 1 to over $ 12 per square (0.09 square meters) feet, according to Lowe.

Bathtubs and toilets

If the bathroom is very outdated, oversized accessories such as bathtubs and toilets may also need replacement. Measure the space of bathroom before asking the price of great accessories because unless you go to extract and expand the walls, your new furniture should be similar in size to the old. At the time of this publication, you can expect to pay over $ 400 for a new basic bath, up to US $ 300 for a toilet, and US $ 70 to over $ 400 for a vanity; when you replace all the great accessories in bathroom, buy similar styles to match.

Plumbing and accessories

The change of faucets and bathroom accessories can be updated without the high cost of replacing large appliances. Replacing a faucet, for example, it is a rapid modernization that makes a big difference in the bathroom. The average cost ranges from US $ 20 to US $ 200 at the end of this publication. The style, size and materials affect the cost. The updated fixtures in the bathroom, such as handles, light switches, lighting and mirrors are additional costs that an owner can expect to pay in a remodel. When you have a very tight budget, try to remove and repaint parts of taps, as an alternative to replacement.

Facts and figures

The cost of bathroom remodeling may vary depending on the extent of the modernization and the actual size of the bathroom. In 2010-11 a report of cost versus value of the magazine “Remodeling”, said the average price for a change of a medium sized bathroom, had a cost of between US $ 14,000 and US $ 18,000 depending on the area which the house stood. It included a bathroom of 5 x 7 feet (1.50 m by 2.1 m) with a complete renovation of the interior. The value, however, was estimated at just over $ 10,000 as a national average, if the owner had intended to sell the house after completing it. In 2008, “Consumer Reports”, estimated the national average for a bathroom remodel at US $ 10,000 for mid and US $ 25,000 for the high level.

Why launch the chimney smoke

Whether that provides ventilation for homes, stoves or wood pellet stoves, fireplaces are designed to bring the smoke out of your home and release it into the atmosphere. In some cases, the smoke coming from the top of a chimney is a sign of normal operation. In other cases, such as the smoke out of the chimney inside your home can be a sign of a serious problem.

Ventilation

When a fireplace is working properly, will release the smoke out, the purpose of the fire, including external and internal layer of masonry, his cloak covered, is to provide ventilation for the byproducts of burning wood, oil and gas. Depending on the type of fuel you use, you’ll see a consistent reasonable amount of smoke escaping from the top of your chimney.

Downdraft

If your chimney smokes free base rather than the top, letting the smoke from entering your house where the chimney meets the stove or through the home, it may be due to the downdraft. This occurs when high winds alter the air pressure in your chimney, causing a downward air flow which is more powerful than the tendency of the smoke to rise. A chimney cap or a fan can avoid the downdraft blocking the effects of wind or offering additional force out, respectively.

Open fires

Chimney fires occur when soot that covers the inside of the chimney eventually catches fire due to hot air rising from it. A chimney fire can result in extraordinarily thick, dark smoke coming from the top of your chimney. You can also smoke seeping into the interior of the chimney bricks, filling your home or attic with smoke. In some cases you will see the flames coming from the top of the fireplace, or you could hear from inside your home. If you notice that the fire seems to indicate a chimney fire, immediately call your fire department.

Blockade

Like other types of vents, chimneys can be locked. This can make emit smoke inside your house, either through cracks in the bricks or through your fireplace or stove. The blockage may come from the accumulation of snow on your roof, dirt inside the fireplace or something that covers the top of the chimney, like a bird’s nest. To avoid this kind of smoke, clean your fireplace and make sure your cover enough about your roof is raised to prevent snow and ice cover it. Install a cover mesh to prevent animals from installing and protects the chimney of the accumulation of dirt.