Home is probably the place where you spend the most time in life, especially when the seasons of cold and rain arrive. Therefore, it is essential to adapt the furniture to the particular conditions of the family members to gain in health and quality of life.
What is ergonomics and how does it affect health?
When you choose a piece of furniture, you always think about its design, its comfort or its price, but not whether that piece will be suitable for rest or if it will generate health problems.
That’s what ergonomics is all about. This is a set of multidisciplinary knowledge that take into account the adequacy of products, systems and artificial environments for the needs, limitations and characteristics of its users, optimizing efficiency, safety and wellbeing .
In some homes there is a designation of armchairs and chairs for each member. These situations are not lacking in logic since the physiognomy of each individual makes the ideal design of each resting place is different. And is that, if the furniture of the house does not ensure the safety and well-being of its inhabitants, there may be consequences for health. Therefore, the following guidelines must be taken into account:
Ergonomics and materials
Firstly, the deformations and permanent coupling of sofas and mattresses to the person who uses them most heavily, or where the original condition is not restored after use, are due to poor choice of filling materials. At the other extreme, it is often intended to avoid this deformity by choosing hard materials, which prevents adaptation to the user’s body at the time of use, resulting in health damages.
One of the most advisable fillings for mattresses and sofas, although also more expensive, is the one of feathers or a combination of these with other materials, since they adapt perfectly to the person who uses it and has the capacity to recover its original state.
Ergonomics and sizes, heights and distances
The biggest problems, when searching for furniture, are when choosing sizes, heights and distances, since you can find a family unit in which its components have very different anthropometric characteristics.
Thus, if it is known that on the couch the kidneys should be protected by the backrest, that a person’s hip should not be lower than the knees and that the armrest should be at the elbow height, it is clear that no these characteristics can be fulfilled for all members. Therefore, ideally they should have adjustable structures or individualize.
Ergonomics in kitchen furniture
The same problem arises with kitchen furniture. Working standing, in front of a very low or very high worktop, forces you to assume incorrect postures that, in the long run, can seriously affect your health. For that reason, it is advisable that the height of the worktop is modified according to the inhabitants who use it the most.
So, if you are thinking about changing the furniture, do not forget such important aspects as those that condition your ergonomics. The health and rest of the inhabitants of the home depend on it.